Tentoriceps cristatus   (Klunzinger,  1884) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Size: Maximum 90 cm SL; common to 70 cm SL.

Color: In fresh specimens, body silvery white becoming silvery grey with dark cloud-like patches after death; each jaw and dorsal and anal fin bases sooty.

Body extremely elongate and strongly compressed, ribbon-like and tapering to a point. Dorsal profile of head evenly convex; mouth large with a dermal flap at tip of each jaw; 2 or 3 fangs in upper and 2 fangs in lower jaw, a single series of sharp compressed lateral teeth in both jaws; eye very large situated laterally, its diameter contained 5 or 6 times in head length; lower hind margin of gill cover convex. A single, long-based, dorsal fin with 5 spines and 126 to 144 soft rays; pectoral fins short, not reaching to lateral line, with 1 spine and 10 soft rays; pelvic fins present but reduced to scale-like processes; anal fin represented by a minute first spine and a scale-like second spine, situated beneath 47th to 50th dorsal fin ray, reduced to minute spinules buried in skin thereafter; caudal fin absent. Lateral line running almost straight mid laterally nearer the ventral than the dorsal contour.

Synonym (s)
Pseudoxymetopon sinensis Chu & Wu, 1962
Trichiurus cristatus (Klunzinger, 1884)

Common Name (s)
• Crested Hairtail (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh or frozen, dried and salted)

Habitat:  Pelagic, Bentho Pelagic, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Zoobenthos, squids, finfish, bony fish and crustaceans


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Ocean Biogeographic Information System Available at - http://www.iobis.org/
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-08-12

Back to Search