Paragobiodon echinocephalus   (Ruppell,  1830) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Herler, J.

Size: 4 cm.

Color: Body brown; head yellowish to pink. Fins dark to black.

Body oblong, compressed. Head 2.9-3.2 in standard length, 3.7-4.0 in total length. Depth of body 3.1-3.3 in standard length, 3.8-4.1 in total length. Eye diameter 3.6-4.1 in head, equal to or a little more than snout and slightly less than interorbital space. Snout very obtuse, from shorter than eye to as long as eye. Mouth oblique, curved, jaws subequal. Maxillary extends to below anterior border of eye or to middle of eye. Teeth in jaws in several rows, outer enlarged, a pair of canines at front of lower jaw. Open pores on front, round the orbits, on opercle and 2-3 rows on preopercle. Gillopenings extend to before the undermost rays of pectoral fin. Head, nape and below anterior rays of first dorsal naked. Head and nape covered with cilia. Pectoral fin a little shorter than head. Ventral fin equal to or more than postorbital length of head. Swimming type-undulation of median or pectoral fins. Swimming mode-diodontiform. Scales of body ctenoid. Bases of dorsal fins continuous. First dorsal fin lower than second dorsal fin, obtuse, middle rays are the longest. Second dorsal fin obtuse, convex. Pectoral fin obtusely rounded, a little shorter than head or as long as head. Ventral fins not shorter than post orbital part of head, basal membrane emarginate. Anal fin similar to second dorsal fin. Caudal fin obtuse, shorter than head.
Number of spines in the first dorsal fin: VI; number of spines and rays in the second dorsal fin: I, 9-10; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: I, 8-9; number of rays in the pectoral fin: 20-21; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 24-27; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 9-10.

Dioecious, external fertilization. Guarders, nesters and monogamous.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Gobius amiciensis Valenciennes, 1837
(Junior synonym)
Gobius echinocephalus Ruppell, 1830
(Senior synonym)
Gobius melanosoma (non Bleeker, 1852)
(Misapplied name)
Paragobiodon echinocephalus (Ruppell, 1830)
(Senior synonym)
Paragobiodon melanosoma (non Bleeker, 1852)
(Misapplied name)
Paragobiodon melanosomus (non Bleeker, 1852)
(Misapplied name)
Gobius echinocephalus Ruppell, 1828
Gobius melanosoma Day, 1878
Paragobiodon echinocephalus Koumans, 1941
Gobius xanthosoma Bleeker, 1852
Gobius echinocephalus Gunther, 1861
Gobius gobiodon Day, 1869
Gobius echinocephalus Klunzinger, 1871
Gobius echinocephalus Gunther, 1877
Gobius melanosoma Day, 1878
Gobius amiciensis Sauvage, 1880
Gobius gibbosus Macleary, 1881
Gobius amiciensis Sauvage, 1891
Gobius waitei Garman, 1903
Paragobiodon echinocephalus Jordan and Seale, 1906
Paragobiodon melanosomus Jordan and Seale, 1907
Ruppellia lacunicola Kendall and Goldsborough, 1911
Gobius echinocephalus M. Weber, 1913
Paragobiodon echinocephalus McCulloch and Ogilby, 1919
Paragobiodon echinocephalus Herre, 1927
Paragobiodon echinocephalus Fowler, 1928
Paragobiodon kerri Smith, 1932
Paragobiodon echinocephalus Giltay, 1933
Paragobiodon echinocephalus Herre, 1936
Paragobiodon echinocephalus Tomiyama, 1936
Ruppellia lacunicola Koumans, 1940

Common Name (s)
• Redhead Goby (English)
• Prickly-headed Goby
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Reef Associated


• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Red Sea
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar INDIA
• Lakshadweep Sea INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Herler, J and Hilgers, H (2005) A synopsis of coral and coral-rock associated gobies (Pisces: Gobiidae) from the Gulf of Aqaba, northern Red Sea Aqua (Miradolo Terme) 10(3)
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Koumans, FP (1953) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 10 423 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at -
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-12-08

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