Prionobutis koilomatodon   (Bleeker,  1849) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 38-80 mm

Color: Greenish brown, lighter below. First dorsal dusky, dark distally; second dorsal brownish with dark brown markings; anal and caudal brownish; pectoral pale yellowish with dark brown spot edged scarlet at base; a row of dark spots at base of caudal.

Head 3.1 in standard length, 3.8 in total length. Depth of body 4.2 in standard length, 5.2 in total length. Eye diameter 3.9 in head, slightly more than snout and 0.6 in interorbital space. Supraorbital crest denticulated. Two crenulate ridges on each side of snout. Gill openings wide, extending to below preopercle margin. 4 or 5 series of fine teeth in jaws, the outer row enlarged. Upper part of cheek, opercle and nape scaled. Caudal peduncle about twice its height. Pectoral fin as long as head; ventral slightly shorter.
Number of spines in the first dorsal fin: VI; number of spines and rays in the second dorsal fin: I, 8; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: I, 8; number of rays in the pectoral fin: i, 19; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the midside of body from the upper corner of operculum to the midbase of caudal fin in the absence of lateral line: 30; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 9; number of scales along the dorsal mid-line of the head and back, anterior to the origin of dorsal fin: 13.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Eleotris koilomatodon Bleeker, 1849
Butis caperatus Smith, 1949
Eleotris caperata Day, 1878
Prionobutis Koilomatodon Koumans, 1941
Eleotris caperatus Cantor, 1850
Eleotris caperata Gunther, 1861
Eleotris caperata Day, 1870
Prionobutis koilomatodon Bleeker, 1877
Prionobutis serrifrons Rutter, 1897
Butis serrifrons Jordan and Seale, 1907
Butis koilomatodon Jordan and Richardson, 1908
Eleotris (Butis) koilomatodon M. Weber, 1913
Eleotris Koilomatodon Vinciguerra, 1926
Prionobutis koilomatodon Herre, 1927
Eleotris (Butis) koilomatodon Wu, 1931
Prionobutis koilomatodon Linnaeus, 1934
Prionobutis serrifrons Koumans, 1940

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA (Record: 2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 2003)
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep INDIA (Record: 1980)
• INDIA (Record: 1980)
• INDIA (Record: 1953)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Koumans, FP (1953) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 10 423 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-08-11

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