Bunaka gyrinoides   (Bleeker,  1853) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Eleotridae

Image copyrights: Pollabauer, C.

Description
Size: 32-34 cm.

Color: Blackish green above, orange green below. Each scale with a dark spot, often forming longitudinal stripes on body. Fins orange, rays spotted with dark spots, forming bands. Base of pectoral fin with blackish spot. Head sometimes with a broad dark longitudinal stripe from snout to eye, some narrower radiating under eye.

Body anteriorly cylindrical, posteriorly compressed, height 4-5 in length, 5-6 1/2 in total length. Head pointed, depressed, 2 3/4 - 3 1/2 in length, 3 1/2 - 4 in total length. Profile above the eyes a little concave. Eye 5-5 1/2 in head, interorbital 1 eye diameter or more. Snout pointed, shorter than eye, or as long as eye, tip before upper half of eye. Anterior nostril in a very short tube. Lower jaw a little prominent. Maxillary extends to below posterior half or to below middle of eye. Teeth equal, small. Tongue rounded. Two or three longitudinal mucous canals on cheek. Supraopercular groove distinct. Scales of body ctenoid, those of head, nape and breast cycloid. Head scaled above from between the eyes, snout naked, cheek and opercle scaled. First dorsal fin obtuse, half as high as body, third ray is the longest. Second dorsal and anal fin a little higher than first dorsal fin. Base of pectoral fin scaled, pectoral fin about as long as head without snout. Ventral fin a little shorter. Caudal fin rounded, shorter than head. Elongated body shape. Dorsal spines (total): 7 - 7, Dorsal soft rays (total): 8 - 8, Anal spines: 1, Anal soft rays: 8.

Dioecism, external fertilization, guarders of eggs, probably has a pelagic marine larval stage.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Eleotris gyrinoides Bleeker, 1853
Eleotris gyrinoides Gunther, 1877
Eleotris gyrinoides Bleeker, 1877
Eleotris canarensis Day, 1889
Guavina gyrinoides Jordan and Seale, 1906
Eleotris gyrinoides M. Weber, 1908
Eleotris gyrinoides De Beaufort, 1913
Eleotris herwerdenii Hase, 1914
Bunaka pinguis Herre, 1927
Guavina gyrinoides Fowler, 1928
Lizettea pelewensis Herre, 1936
Lizettia (Lizettea) pelewensis Koumans, 1940
Bunaka gyrinoides Koumans, 1941
Bunaka sticta Herre, 1942
Bunaka gyrinoides Harry, 1948

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Cultured:  No

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal

Biogeography


• INDIA (Record: 1953)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Tikader, BK and Das, AK (1985) Glimpses of animal life of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, Kolkata 1-170 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Koumans, FP (1953) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 10 423 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, AK and Roy, MKD (1989) A general account of the mangrove fauna of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fauna of conservation areas Zoological survey of India 1-152 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-08-10

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