Parapercis cylindrica   (Bloch,  1792) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Pinguipedidae

Image copyrights: T. Suzuki

Description
Size: 20-23 cm.

Color: The fish is recognized by the plain broad barring along the lower sides of the body and grey lower lip that maybe thinly barred with white in females. A series of 9 vertically elongate dark brown bars on ventral half of body with a pair of dark blotches (or groups of dark brown spots ) in upper part of each pale inter space. A narrow dusky Y-shaped bar linking each ventral dark bar to a series of dark spots on back.

Height 3.7-4.4, 4.6-5.1 in length with caudal. Head 3.4-3.7, 3.7-4.4 in length with caudal. Eye rather superior, 3.6-4.1, 1.3-1.6 in snout. Inter orbital space somewhat convex, narrow, one half or two fifths of eye. Mouth horizontal. Maxillary reaching to below front border of eye. Lips thick, especially the upper one. A very broad band of villi form teeth anteriorly in each jaw. A series of large pointed teeth before these bands, continued along the sides of the jaws. Two strong curved canines in the lower jaw and a pair of somewhat shorter ones in the upper jaw. Vomer with a few rows of teeth, the outer row enlarged. Palatines with a single row of teeth. Snout naked. Anterior nostril tubular. Preopercle with about 6 transverse rows of scales, leaving a broad posterior and inferior limb naked. Opercle scaly. Scales on upper part of head beginning some distance behind eye. Hind border of preopercle smooth. Opercle with two strong spines. Dorsal spines rather strong, third and fourth longest, much longer than fifth and equal to snout. Middle dorsal rays longest, not quite as long as snout and eye together. Origin of anal below fifth dorsal ray. Anal similar to dorsal in depth. The membranes between the rays in both fins deeply incised. The last rays reach base of caudal when depressed. Pectorals as long as head without snout. Ventrals with the fourth ray by far the longest, almost as long as head. Caudal slightly rounded. Canine teeth at front of lower jaw 10. Dorsal spines (total): 5 - 5, Dorsal soft rays (total): 21 - 21, Anal spines: 1, Anal soft rays: 17.


Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Sciaena cylindrica Bloch, 1792
Bodianus sebae Bloch and Schneider. 1801
Sciaena cylindrica Lacepede, 1802
Percis cylindrica Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829
Percis cylindrica Bleeker, 1851
Percis cylindrica Gunther, 1860
Parapercis cylindrica Bleeker, 1863
Parapercis cylindrica Waite, 1900
Parapercis cylindrica Jordan and Richardson, 1908
Parapercis cylindrica Fowler, 1928
Parapercis cylindrica Whitley, 1932
Parapercis cylindrica Giltay, 1933
Parapercis cylindrica Martin and Montalban, 1935

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, aquarium)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Feeds on benthic invertebrates, microalgae, and fish,nekton, zooplankton, zoobenthos
Predator:  Plectropomus leopardus- bony fish

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA (Record: 2000)
• Bay of Bengal INDIA (Record: 2000)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • (1994) The effect of artificial reef installation on the biosocioeconomics of small scale fisheries in Ranong province, Thailand Bay of Bengal Programme Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Beaufort, LF and Chapman, WM (1951) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 9 484 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • FishPix Available at - http://fishpix.kahaku.go.jp/fishimage-e/index.html
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-08-09

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