Scarus globiceps   Valenciennes,  1840 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Scaridae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: 23-27 cm.

Max. weight reported: 500 gm

Color: 2 adult color phases; initial phase- dark brown to grey-brown dorsally, shading to yellowish brown ventrally, with 3 faint whitish lines on abdomen; eye greenish brown; median fins dark brown; pectoral fins with dark brown rays and pale membranes; pelvic fins dark brown, tinged with light red or orange; terminal; phase- body green with a salmon-pink to orange bar on each scale, except on abdomen where the bars split into dorsal and ventral spots and the green forms 3 stripes along scales centers, and thorax which is solid green; head with a horizontal orange to light brown band passing in front of snout to orbit, curving under eye and continuing to edge of opercle; head green below and lavender above, this band, shading posteriorly to orange with green bands radiating from eye and small green spots on scales; dorsal and anal fins with a blue border, a broad median band of orange containing a row of large green spots, and a green to blue-green band at base; usually a blackish spot at or near base of fourth dorsal spine; caudal fin green with a submarginal streak of orange in each lobe; pectoral fins with green rays and pale membranes except for a streak of orange around rays 3 to 5; a dark bar at pectoral fin base; pelvic fins salmon with a blue leading edge.

Body depth contained about 2.6 to 3 times in standard length. Anterior head profile almost hemispherical; mouth inferior; teeth fused to form dental plates in upper and lower jaws, dental plates smooth, the individual teeth only visible at margins; upper jaw enclosing lower jaw with mouth closed; lips almost covering dental plates; 1 or 2 canines posteriorly on sides of both upper and lower plates; 4 to 6 (usually 5 or 6) median predorsal scales; 3 rows of cheek scales, with 5 to 8 (usually 6) scales in dorsal row, 5 to 9 (usually 7) scales in middle row, and 1 to 4 (usually 3) scales in ventral row. Pectoral fins with 12 branches rays; caudal fin slightly rounded to double emarginate in initial phase, becoming more so in terminal phase; caudal lobes never produced. Primary phases of S. globiceps, S. psittacus and S. rivulatus are difficult to distinguish from one another. S. globiceps differs in that it is the only one with 3 scale rows and 5 or more scales in the ventral row. Dorsal spines (total): 9-9, Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-10, Anal spines: 3, Anal soft rays: 9.

Protogynous, external fertilisation, nonguarders, open water or substratum egg scatterers.

Synonym (s)
Callyodon globiceps Smith, 1956
Callyodon dubius Smith, 1956
Callyodon globiceps (Valenciennes, 1840)
Callyodon lepidus (Jenyns, 1842)
Pseudocarus spilonotus Kner, 1868
Pseudoscarus fuscus De Vis, 1885
Pseudoscarus strigipinnis De Vis, 1885
Scarus lepidus Jenyns, 1842
Scarus pronus Fowler, 1900
Scarus qlobiceps Valenciennes, 1840
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Globehead Parrotfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, aquarium)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Primary Consumer
Prey:  Benthic algae/weeds, other plants

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• INDIA
• Karnataka, Netrani Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Devi, K and Rao, DV (2003) Poisonous and venomous fishes of Andaman Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 211 Records of The Zoolgical Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 25934 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Barman, RP and Mishra, SS (2005) Studies on the reef dwelling fishes of India, parrotfishes (Family Scaridae) ZSI, Kolkata 63 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/ index/
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Thomas, S; Sreeram, MP; Kakati, VS; Manisseri, MK and George, RM (2011) Coral fish diversity in Netrani waters off Murudeshwar Karnataka, south India Indian journal of fisheries CMFRI 58(1) 45-51 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8473/1/IJF_Sujitha_45-51.pdf
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-08-09

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