Choerodon robustus   (Gunther,  1862) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Labridae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Max size: 28 cm.

Color: reddish orange to pinkish brown forward and above, a diagonal brown line connecting pectoral fin base and posterior end of dorsal fin base; sides white to yellowish below and behind, with several horizontal rows of blue spots on caudal peduncle; head with 2 short blue lines passing through and beneath eye, respectively; chin blue; lower half of opercle edged with blue, dorsal and anal fins yellow with blue stripes; caudal fin yellow with blue upper and lower edges and wavy blue lines centrally.

Body deep, greatest depth more than length of head. Dorsal profile of head convexly curved; anterior tip of head forming a broad angle with snout steeply inclined; jaws prominent; 4 strong canines situated anteriorly in each jaw with second pair in lower jaw difected laterally; a moderately small canine present on each side at rear of upper jaw. Dorsal fin continuous, with 13 spines and 8 soft rays; the spines and anterior soft rays of similar length; anal fin with 3 spines and 10 soft rays; pectoral fins with 2 unbranched and 14 branched rays; pelvic fins not filamentous; caudal fin squared off. Lateral line continuous, smoothly curved, with 29 pored scales. Scales barely reaching onto bases of dorsal and anal fins; scales in front of dorsal fin distinctly not extending forward to above eye; cheek and opercle scaled; lower jaw without scales.


Synonym (s)
Xiphochilus robustus Gunther, 1862
(Senior synonym)
Choerodon pescadoresis Yu, 1968
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Robust Tuskfish (English)
• Swordlipped Wrasse (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh, flesh of high quality)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Prey:  Crustaceans, molluscs and sea urchins
Predator:  Bony fish (Cephalopholis hemistiktos)

Biogeography