Tripterodon orbis   Playfair,  1867 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: FAO

Size: Maximum 75 cm; common to 30 cm.

Color: Silvery grey, with 9 or 10 somewhat indistinct darker crossbars, fading with age, the first through eye.

Body deep, somewhat oblong, front profile parabolic. Mouth small, terminal, with thick lips; large movable tricuspid teeth, in several rows in both jaws; roof of mouth toothless; top of head and preopercular flange without scales; opercle covered with scales almost to its ventral edge. First dorsal fin with 9 spines and 19 to 21 soft rays, the spines rather feeble, broad, elongate, 3rd spine longest; pectoral fins short and rounded; pelvic fins present; anal fin with 3 spines and 15 to 17 soft rays. Scales small, finely ciliated, extending onto soft parts of vertical fins.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• African Spadefish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh, gamefish)

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Zoobenthos, organisms on rocks and coral


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-05-30

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