Pempheris moluca [Status Unaccepted]   Cuvier,  1831 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Government of India

Size: 140 cm.

Color: With silvery reflex, a brownish tint stronger towards back, a coppery tint on the flanks, base of pectorals without a black or brownish patch, vertical fins reddish in life.

Height 2.6-2.8 in length, 2.2-2.4 without caudal, head 4.1 in length, 3.5 without caudal, slightly higher than long. Rostro-dorsal profile nearly not convex, inter orbital space slightly convex to flattened, especially in young specimens, the upper rim of eye nearly level with it, ventrals profile slightly convex to ventrals, behind them flattened. Diameter of eye 2-2.5 in length of head, inter orbital space 1.6 in diameter of eye. Maxillary 1.7 in length of head, its hind border somewhat surpassing middle of pupil. Distance of dorsal from point of snout shorter than height of body. Inter maxillary and mandibulary teeth for a Pempheride relatively strong, their outer series strongest, the anterior mandibulary ones partly directed forward and outward and thereby visible from below.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Pempheris moluca Bleeker, 1850
Pempheris molucca Cantor, 1850
Pempheris mangula Bleeker, 1853
Pempheris mangula Gunther, 1860
Pempheris molucca Day, 1865
Pempheris mangula Bleeker, 1877
Pempheris mangula Day, 1888
Pempheris malabarica Day, 1889
Pempheris mangula Sauvage, 1891
Pempheris mangula Pellegrin, 1905
Pempheris molucca Gilchrist and Thompson, 1908
Pempheris mangula Barnard, 1927
Pempheris mangula Mochan, 1930
Pempheris macrolepidotus Fowler, 1931

Common Name (s)
• Moluccan Sweeper (English)
• Moondakun Karawa (Tamil)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky, Coastal


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam Camp INDIA
• Maharashtra, Sasoon Dock INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kovalam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Tikader, BK and Das, AK (1985) Glimpses of animal life of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, Kolkata 1-170 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -
  • Radhakrisnan, EV; Kathirvel, M; Devarajan, K; Vijayakumaran, M; Poovannan, P; Thangavelu, R; Hameed, KS; Sankaralingam, S; Ramakrishnan, A and Thangar, VS (1989) An unusual congregation of organisms in the catches off Kovalam, Madras Marine fisheries information service ICAR 99 16-18 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-12-01

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