Upeneus luzonius   Jordamn & Seale,  1907 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Mullidae

Image copyrights: CSIRO

Description
Color: Alcoholic specimens are dull yellowish to yellowish brown, with a dark brown longitudinal band running from eye to caudal, a brown saddle over anterior half of caudal peduncle, a rather indistinct vertical band of the same color descends the side from the anterior two-thirds of the rayed dorsal, another brown band sometimes present below the spinous dorsal, dorsals clouded indistinctly with dusky, these markings oftentimes inconspicuous, each lobe of caudal crossed by six or more oblique dusky bands which are rather fine and about as wide as the inter spaces, all the other fins yellowish, unmarked, no dusky spots visible on sides of head and body.

Body moderately elongate, its greatest depth 3.8 to 3.9 times, head 3.3 to 3.4 times in length, the nearly flat inter orbital space 3.6 to 3.7 times n head, eye located high up near upper profile of head and about midway between tip of snout and posterior margin of opercle, 4 to 4.4 times in head, snout 1.6 to 1.9 times in eye and about as long as maxillary which is 2.4 to 2.5 times in head and reaches posteriorly to almost below anterior rim of pupil, lower jaw slightly the shorter, teeth villi form in jaws, and on vomer and palate, 5 or 6 + 15 gillrakers on first arch, the longest about half the eye, the long slender barbels extend to a little beyond angle of the smooth preopercle, only a single spine at hind edge of opercle, head, including preorbital and maxillary, completely covered with scales, least depth of caudal peduncle 2.2 to 2.4 times in head. Spinous dorsal rather high, its first spine minute, the second highest, 3.4 to 4 times in length of body, second dorsal and anal of nearly the same height, 1.7 to 1.9 times in head, pectoral very slightly shorter than ventral, which is 1.3 to 1.5 times in head, the latter fin reaching to the vertical from axil of first dorsal, caudal about as long as head, 3.1 to 3.5 times in length of body.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Upeneoides luzonius Jordan and Richardson, 1908
Upeneoides luzonius Seale, 1910
Upeneoides luzonius Herre and Montalban, 1928

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Ornamental fish)

Ecology

Biogeography


• Palk Bay (Lat: 9.5) (Long: 79.25) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Campbell Bay INDIA (Record: 25/10/1992)
• South East Coast INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1931) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 6 448 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1996) Marine ornamental fishes of India Proceedings of the Seminar on Fisheries - A Multibillion Dollar Industry, Madras CMFRI 23-34 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7786/1/678-Mur.pdf
  • Dhandapani, P and Mishra, SS (1993) New records of marine fishes from Great Nicobar Journal of Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 9(1&2) 58-62 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-05-30

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