Scolopsis ghanam   (Forsskal,  1775) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 19-30 cm.

Color: Back olive, three yellowish white bands, parallel with the lateral line ,on the upper part of each side, a fourth shorter band from below the eye to the base from below the eye to the base of the pectoral, which has a black spot in its axil. Most of the scales below lateral line in the anterior two thirds of the body have each a black spot at its base. A violet mark is present at the base of either lobe of the caudal fin. Numerous black or dark brown spots on sides forming stripes with white inter spaces between.

Height 2.7, 3.3 in length with caudal. Head 3.3, 4 in length with caudal. Eye 3, equal to slightly convex inter orbital space and more than snout. Scales on head beginning in posterior part of inter orbital space. Mouth Somewhat oblique. Maxillary smooth, reaching to below front border of eye. Preoperculum evenly denticulate, with a notch above the angle. Suborbital spine strong and curved, followed by a few smaller spines. dorsal spines rather weak, increasing slightly in length to the fifth, which is equal to post orbital part of head. Soft dorsal slightly higher than spinous part, rounded behind. Second and third anal spines equal or the third spine somewhat longer, shorter than rays. Pectorals somewhat longer than ventrals, more than half length of snout shorter than head. Caudal forked. Head scales reaching forward to level of middle of eyes. Lower limb of preopercle naked. Antrorse (forward-directed) suborbital spine absent. Pelvic fins long, reaching to or just beyond level of anus. Axillary scale present. A pearly-white stripe from below eye to upper edge of pectoral base. Dorsal spines (total): 10-10, Dorsal soft rays (total): 9 - 9, Anal spines: 3, Anal soft rays: 7.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Grammistes ghanam Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Holocentrus ghanam Lacepede, 1802
Scolopsides ghanam Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830
Scolopsis ghanam Gunther, 1859
Scolopsis ghanam Kner, 1865
Scolopsis ghanam Playfair, 1866
Scolopsis ghanam Klunzinger, 1870
Scolopsis ghanam Day, 1888
Scolopsis ghanam Kossmann and Rauber, 1876
Scolopsis ghanam Klunzinger, 1884
Scolopsis ghanam Machan, 1930
Sciaena ghanam Forsskal, 1775
Scolopsis ocularis Ehrenberg, 1828

Common Name (s)
• Arabian Monocle Bream (English)
• Dotted Spinecheek (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, aquarium)

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Zoobenthos, nekton, benthic crustaceans, echinoderms, finfish, mollusks, worms, other annelids


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • James, C; O'Farrell, S; Hamylton, S; Ingwersen, C and Walker, R The coral reef resources of Mu Ko Surin national park, Thailand Coral Cay Conservation Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Rouphael, T; Turak, E and Jon, B Seagrasses and mangroves of Yemen's Red Sea 41-89
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Kuronuma, K and Abe, Y (1986) Fishes of the Arabian Gulf Fishes of the Arabian Gulf 1-356 Available at - ZOOR12500001320
  • Chabanet, P and Patrick, D (2005) Reef Fish Inventory of Juan De Novas Natural Park (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean Journal Marine Sciences 2005 WIOMSA 4 145-162
  • Garpe, KC and Ohman, MC (2003) Coral and fish distribution patterns in Mafia Island marine park Tanzania fish habitat interactions Hydrobiologia Kluwer Academic Publishers 498 191-211 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 3 Available at -
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Roy, SD; Rajan, PT and Soundararajan, S (2006) Marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fishing Chimes 25(10) 108-110 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-31

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