Nemipterus hexodon   (Quoy and Gaimard,  1824) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Kesner-Reyes, K.

Size: 21-26 cm.

Color: Upper body pinkish, silvery white below.

Profile of head gently sloping from snout to nape. The height of the head, measures in the vertical through hind border of preoperculum, almost equal to length of head. Height 2.9-3.2, 3.7-4 in length with caudal. Head 3.1-3.2, 3.9-4 in length with caudal. Eye 3.4-4.4, 1.4-1.6 in snout and equal to flat inter orbital space. Mouth somewhat oblique, maxillary reaching to below front border of eye or of pupil. Jaws equal. Narrow bands of small pointed teeth in the anterior part of the jaws, laterally a row of about 20-30 caninoid ones on each side, continued anteriorly into an outer row of about 6 distant canines. Suborbital rectangular, its hind border forming a more or less straight line, which, when produced the dorsal profile about 5 scales before origin of dorsal, its depth about equal to eye. Naked limb of preoperculum almost twice in that of the scaly part. Hind border of preoperculum denticulate or somewhat crenulate only. Scales beginning on head slightly before hind border of eyes with a rather well-defined temporal band of 4 rows of scales. Dorsal spines slender and flexible, but pungent. The first spine about three fourths of the second. Second to sixth or fourth to seventh spine sub equal, as long as post orbital part of head or somewhat shorter. Tenth spine equal in length to second one. Soft dorsal slightly higher than spinous part, pointed posteriorly. Anal spines slender, first less than half length of second, which equals diameter of eye. Third spine slightly longer than second, but less than soft rays. Soft anal rounded anteriorly, pointed behind. Pectorals one diameter of eye or of pupil shorter than head. Ventrals with the first ray produced, somewhat shorter than pectorals. Caudal deeply forked, the lobes pointed. Least height of caudal peduncle 1.6 to nearly twice in its length. Suborbital spine absent. Preopercle with 3 transverse scale rows. Pectoral fins long, reaching to or beyond level of anus. Pelvic fins very long, reaching to or just beyond level of anus. A line drawn up from posterior edge of suborbital reaching the dorsal profile at about 2 to 6 scale rows before origin of dorsal fin. Upper lobe of caudal fin slightly longer than lower, tipped with yellow. Females predominate at small sizes, males at larger sizes. Axillary scale present. Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 7.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Dentex(Synagris) notatus Day, 1870
Synagris furcosus Fowler, 1933
Synagris notatus Day, 1875
Dentex ruber Lesson, 1830
Dentex hexodon Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830
Dentex taeniopterus Bleeker, 1850
Synagris taeniopterus Gunther, 1859
Dentex taeniopterus Bleeker, 1877
Synagris taeniopterus Macleay, 1881
Synagris notatus Ramsay and Ogilby, 1886
Synagris taeniopterus Day, 1889
Synagris isacanthus Boulenger, 1889
Synagris ruber Sauvage, 1891
Dentex (Anemura) notatus Fowler, 1904
Nemipterus taeniopterus Jordan and Seale, 1907
Synagris isacanthus M. Weber, 1913
Synagris ruber de Beaufort, 1913
Synagris isacanthus Fowler, 1933
Dentex hexodon Quoy & Gaimard, 1824
Dentex notatus Day, 1870
Dentex ruber Valenciennes, 1830
Dentex taeniopterus Valenciennes, 1830
Nemipterus hexadon (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
Synagris hexodon (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)

Common Name (s)
• Gold Perch (English)
• Ocellated Butterfly Bream (English)
• Ornate Threadfin Bream (English)
• Ornate Threadfin Bream (English)
• Rainbow Perch (English)
• Red Spot Threadfin Bream (English)
• Baga Gujarati, Marathi, Tagalog, Waray Waray (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial



• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Kongprom, A; Khemakorn, P; Monton, E and Supongpan, M Status of demersal fishery resources in the Gulf of Thailand Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 3 Available at -
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-30

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