Lethrinus rubrioperculatus   Sato,  1978 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Trevor, M.

Size: Maximum 40 cm; common to 30 cm.

Color: Body greyish green to purple, paler below. Head often darker; a conspicuous bright red spot on posterior margin of opercle, slightly above midpoint. Fins red to orange, with brighter margins, sometimes mottled with brighter red.

Body depth less than head length. Interorbital space flat or only slightly convex; eye placed very near dorsal profile; snout profile bending outward before eye, forming an angle of 60° to 69° with maxilla, 60° to 70° with chin and 100° to 105° with a line drawn from upper edge of pectoral fin base through centre of eye; distance between anterior and posterior nostrils 13.9 to 4.1 times in head length; hind tip of maxilla reaching to vertical from anterior nostril; posterolateral teeth conical, never molariform, anterior teeth caniniform. Third or 4th dorsal fin spines longest; caudal fin lunate, upper lobe usually longer than lower. Five scale rows between dorsal profile (at 6th spine) and lateral line; inner surface of pectoral fin base scaleless.

Synonym (s)
Lethrinella variegatus Smith, 1959
Lethrinus microdon Akazaki, 1962
Lethrinus moensii Bleeker, 1855
Lethrinella variegatus (non Valenciennes, 1830)
(Misapplied name)

Common Name (s)
• Spotcheek Emperor (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh or frozen)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Sandy
Prey:  Zoobenthos-benthic crustaceans, fish, echinoderms and molluscs.


• Arabian Sea (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 74.5) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 48 mts)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds) (1991) Animal resources of India (Protozoa to Mammalia) ZSI 1-694 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Durville, P; Chabanet, P and Quod, JP (2003) Visual Census of the Reef Fishes in the Natural Reserve of the Glorieuses Islands (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean J. Mar. Sci. WIOMSA 2 95-104
  • Chabanet, P and Patrick, D (2005) Reef Fish Inventory of Juan De Novas Natural Park (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean Journal Marine Sciences 2005 WIOMSA 4 145-162
  • Torao, S (1978) A synopsis of the Sparoid fish genus Lethrinus, with the description of a new species University of Tokyo Press 25569 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Garpe, KC and Ohman, MC (2003) Coral and fish distribution patterns in Mafia Island marine park Tanzania fish habitat interactions Hydrobiologia Kluwer Academic Publishers 498 191-211 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Balachandran, K and Nizar, MA (1990) A check list of fishes of the Exclusive Economic Zone of India collected during the research cruises of FORV Sagar Sampada Proceedings of the first workshop on scientific results of FORV Sagar Sampada CMFRI, Cochin 305-324 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/5269/1/43.pdf
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-08-19

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