Pomadasys furcatus   (Bloch & Schneider,  1801) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Haemulidae

Image copyrights: CSIRO

Description
Size: 50 cm.

Color: In preserved specimens light reddish brown, more or less silvery below, with 6 longitudinal dark parallel bands, the three upper ones from nape to base of soft anal, the fourth from upper part of eye to upper caudal rays, united with that of the other side on caudal peduncle. The fifth hind border of eye to middle of base of caudal, the sixth from below eye, through axil of pectoral to lower caudal rays. With exception of the first and last band the bands are more or less double in their anterior part. Spinous dorsal with a black outer border. Soft dorsal darkish, with a lighter longitudinal median band. Caudal anal and distal part of ventrals dark violet. Pectorals dusky.

Height 2.3-2.4, 2.8-3 in length with caudal. Head 3.1-3.2, 3.8-4 in length with caudal. eye 3.4-3.8, 1.1-1.2 in snout and somewhat more or less than rather convex inter orbital space. Mouth somewhat oblique, maxillary reaching to below front border of pupil. Several rows of small teeth in the jaws with an outer series of enlarged ones, this being the only row in the sides of the lower jaw. Scales on head reaching before eyes to line connecting posterior nostrils, on preoperculum in about 10 transverse rows. Hind border of preoperculum concave, finely denticulate.

Dorsal spines strong, their membrane rather deeply incised. First spine half length of second, which again is half length of third or somewhat longer. Third to fifth spine sub equal and longest, slightly more than post orbital part of head. Following spines gradually decreasing in length to the last, which is equal to or slightly shorter than second spine. First dorsal ray about as long as sixth spine, the dorsal fin therefore notched. Second ray slightly longer than first, following rays gradually decreasing in length to the last, which is about as long as the spine. First anal spine half as long as third and one third of second, which is not only longer but also much stronger than the third and equal to or exceeding snout and eye together. The membrane between the spine strongly incised. First soft anal ray longer than third, but shorter than second anal spine. Soft anal deeper than soft dorsal, its hind border somewhat concave. Pectorals half diameter of eye longer than head. Ventrals about equal to head without snout. Caudal slightly forked. Dorsal spines (total): 12, Dorsal soft rays (total): 14 - 15, Anal spines: 3, Anal soft rays: 7.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Pomadacys furcatus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
(Misspelling)
Grammistes furcatus Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Pristipoma paikeeli Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830
Pristipoma paikeeli Cantor, 1850
Pristipoma paikeeli Bleeker, 1850
Pristipoma furcatum Bleeker, 1873
Pristipoma furcatum Day, 1888
Pomadasys furcatus Bleeker, 1877
Pristipoma furcatum Klunzinger, 1884
Pomadasys furcatus Steindachner, 1902
Pomadasys furcatum Barnard, 1927
Pomadasys furcatus Fowler, 1931
Rhonciscus furcatus (Schneider, 1801)
Rhonciscus anas (Valenciennes, 1862)

Common Name (s)
• Banded Grunt (English)
• Grey Grunter (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky, Sandy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Campbell Bay INDIA (Record: 29/10/1992)
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Madhavi, R (1974) Digenetic trematodes from marine fishes of Waltair coast Bay of Bengal family Monorchiidae Rivista di Parassitologia 35(2) 87-98 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R and Nedumaran, T (2009) Ichthyofaunal diversity in great Nicobar biosphere reserve, Bay of Bengal Journal of Threatened Taxa Wildlife Information Liaison Development Society 1(3) 166-169 Available at - http://threatenedtaxa.org/ZooPrintJournal/2009/March/o198526iii09166-169.pdf
  • Dhandapani, P and Mishra, SS (1993) New records of marine fishes from Great Nicobar Journal of Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 9(1&2) 58-62 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-17

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