Pristipomoides typus   Bleeker,  1852 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 29-70 cm.

Max. weight reported: 2,200 gm.

Color: Body rosy, fins with a yellow tinge; brownish yellow longitudinal vermiculations on top of head; dorsal fin with paler spots or a rosy reticulate pattern.

Interorbital space flat. Bases of dorsal and anal fins without scales, their last soft rays extended into short filaments. Pectoral fins long, reaching level of anus. Scale rows on back parallel to lateral line. Height 2.9-3.3, 4.4-4.7 in length with caudal. Head 3, 4.3-4.5 in length with caudal. Eye 3.5-3.6, somewhat less than snout and somewhat more than interorbital space. Mouth slightly oblique. Maxillary reaching almost to below front border of pupil or below middle of eye. Narrow villi form bands of small, curved, pointed teeth in the jaws, tapering on the sides, with an outer row of distant canines, the anterior ones, specially in the upper jaw, longer and more hooked than the others. Teeth on vomer in a sharply bent band or in an almost triangular patch, on palate in a long narrow band. Scales beginning on head above posterior part of eyes with a scaly patch, widely separated from that of the other side and from the scales behind. Six transverse rows of scales on preoperculum. Broad posterior and inferior preopercular limb naked. Hind and lower border of preoperculum finely dentate, coarser at the projecting angle. Dorsal spines moderate. First spine about half length of second, fifth longer, equal to postorbital part of head. Last dorsal ray produced, as long as snout and half eye together. First anal spine equal to half length of second, which is as strong and as long as third and equal to horizontal diameter of eye. Last anal ray produced, slightly shorter than last dorsal ray. Pectorals pointed, as long as head. Ventrals more than head without snout. Caudal deeply forked, the lobes pointed, the upper one filamentous. Least height of caudal peduncle 1.6 in its length. Dorsal spines (total): 10-10, Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-12, Anal spines: 3, Anal soft rays: 8.

Dioecious with external fertilization.

Age: 11 years

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Serranus argyrogrammicus Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1831
Dentex pristipoma Bleeker, 1854
Mesoprion dentex Bleeker, 1859
Lutjanus dentex Bleeker, 1865
Chaetopterus pristipoma Bleeker, 1869
Mesoprion multidens Day, 1870
Anthias multidens Day, 1888
Aprion (Aprion) pristipoma Bleeker, 1877
Centropristis (Aprion) pristipoma Klunzinger, 1884
Aprion pristipoma Day, 1889
Etelis argyrogrammicus Sauvage, 1891
Aprion typus Fowler, 1904
Pristipomoides typus Fowler, 1929
Pristipomoides argyrogrammicus Fowler, 1931
Pristispomoides typus Bleeker, 1852

Common Name (s)
• Sharptooth Jobfish (English)
• Sharptooth Snapper (English)
• Sharp-tooth Jobfish
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh or frozen)

Habitat:  Demersal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Fishes and benthic invertebrates
Predator:  Sharks and rays


• Lakshadweep (Lat: 8) (Long: 75) INDIA
• Comoros Islands
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • (1982) A colour guide to the fishes of the south China sea and the Andaman sea Seafood Industries Association, Singapore Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Al-Abdessalaam, TZS (1995) Marine species of the Sultanate of Oman p 412 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at -
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • James, PSBR; Lazarius, S and Arumugam, G (1994) The present status of 'Major Perch' fisheries in India Perch fisheries in India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 47 1-9 Available at -
  • Bapat, SV; Deshmukh, VM; Krishnamoorthi, B; Muthiah, C; Kagwade, PV; Ramamirtham, CP; Mathew, KJ; Pillai, SK and C. Mukundan (1982) Species composition, distribution and abundance of major groups/species Fishery resources of the Exclusive Economic Zone of the NorthWest coast of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Kochi 33 1-86 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Dominant Fish Groups Occurring in Indian Coasts Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Fishery Resources Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-12

Back to Search