Alepes melanoptera   Swainson,  1839 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Size: Maximum 30 cm; common 20 cm

Color: Body blue black above, silvery yellow below. Spinous dorsal fin distinctly black, other fins pale yellow; juveniles with a number of dusky bands from back to midline of body.

Body oblong and moderately compressed, the dorsal and ventral profiles equally and evenly convex. Eye diameter 4.0 to 4.5 times in head length. Upper jaw (maxilla) reaching to below anterior part of eye. Teeth villiform, in a single series in jaws, with the exception that in larger specimens the teeth may be pleuriseriate anteriorly in upper jaw. Two dorsal fins; first dorsal fin with a procumbent spine (partially embedded in skin) and 8 normal spines; second dorsal fin with 1 spine and 23 or 24 soft rays. Anal fin with 2 detached spines, followed by 1 spine and 20 or 21 soft rays; anal fin base shorter than second dorsal fin base. Pectoral fins falcate. Scales on body moderate; lateral line strongly curved anteriorly to below 2nd to 4th soft dorsal rays, with 48 to 56 scutes present.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Atule malam Bleeker, 1851
Atule pectoralis (Chu & Cheng, 1958)
Alepes melanopterus Swainson, 1839
Caranx nigripinnis Day, 1876
Alepes malam (Bleeker, 1851)
Caranx malam (Bleeker, 1851)
Caranx pectoralis Chu & Cheng, 1958
Selar malam Bleeker, 1851
Trachinus melanoptera Swainson, 1839

Common Name (s)
• Blackfin Scad (English)
• Blackfin Crevalle (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh or frozen, dried and salted)
Cultured:  Unknown

Habitat:  Pelagic, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Shrimps/prawns, planktonic copepods, other planktonic invertebrates


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at -
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 FAO, Rome 1 Available at -
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-08-19

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