Pristigenys niphonia   (Cuvier,  1829) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, JE

Size: 232-305 mm TL.

Weight: 525-700 g

Color: Body, head and fins dark orange red; five vertical bars on body, the first bar on dorsal fin origin, the second beneath fifth dorsal fin spine, third at origin of soft dorsal, fourth at end of soft dorsal and fifth at base of caudal fin. Iris of eye silvery. Dorsal fin spines and outer portion of interspinous dorsal membrane creamy pink, posterior portion dusky. Opercular area silvery red. Soft portions of dorsal, anal and caudal fins with black prominent margin. Pectoral fin slightly pink, distal one third of pelvic black. Body bright scarlet with 3-4 narrow pale vertical bars, median fins with narrow black margin, pelvic fins dark red, blackish distally.

Body deep, broadly ovate, maximum overall width at preopercle. Head and body covered with relatively large scales resulting in a rough texture; scales on dorsal and ventral parts of body small, on middle of sides large, striated, rough, without an intramarginal plate-like ridge, their margin strongly ctenoid; scales of midlateral region broadly rounded posteriorly. Eyes large, round, prominent. Preoperculum strongly denticulated, with a spine at the angle. Mouth very oblique, maxillary reaching to below anterior half of eye; lower jaw longer, chin prominent. Numerous minute teeth in jaws in a single row. Lateral line strongly curved, its top situated below the 4th and 5th spine, then descending to middle of caudal peduncle. Dorsal origin above base of pectoral; spinous portion of fin rounded, spines strong, grooved, fourth to sixth spines longest; interspinous membrane deeply incised; soft ray part of fin broadly pointed. Pectoral fins relatively short, broadly pointed. Pelvic fins inserted beneath pectorals. Caudal fin rounded. Dorsal spines (total): 10-10, Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-12, Anal spines: 2, Anal soft rays: 10-11.

Eggs are pelagic, small and spherical.

Synonym (s)
Priacanthus niphonius Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829
Pristigenys niphonia (Cuvier, 1829)
Myripristis refulgens Valenciennes, 1862
Pseudopriacanthus niphonius Bleeker, 1869
Priacanthus meyeri Gunther, 1872
Priacanthus refulgens Sauvage, 1891
Myripristis refulgens Valenciennes, 1862
(Junior synonym)
Priacanthus meyeri (non Gunther, 1872)
(Misapplied name)
Priacanthus niphonius Cuvier, 1829
(Senior synonym)
Priacanthus refulgens (Valenciennes, 1862)
(Junior synonym)
Pseudopriacanthus niphonius (Cuvier, 1829)
(Senior synonym)
Pristigenys niphonius (Cuvier, 1829)

Common Name (s)
• Japanese Bigeye (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Predator:  Bony fishes


• Kerala INDIA (Record: 2006)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Nair, RJ and Geetha, PM (2006) First record of the Japanese bigeye Pristigenys niphonia (Cuvier & Valenciennes) (Perciformes: Priacanthidae) from the Indian seas Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 48(2) 263-266 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-07-25

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