Epinephelus megachir   (Richardson,  1846) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Government of India

Size: 35 cm.

Color: Brown, with large dark spots of unequal size, much larger than interspaces, which form a broad network. Similar spots on vertical fins, pectorals and ventrals brown.

Height 2.9-3.2, 3.7-4 in length with caudal. Head 2.3-2.4, 2.9-3.1 in length with caudal. Eye 5-6, equal to or slightly less than snout, which has a convex profile. Inter-orbital space somewhat less than eye. Lower jaw projecting. Mouth somewhat oblique, maxillary reaching to below posterior border of eye, its width at distal extremity 1.3-1.7 in diameter of eye. Praeoperculum slightly pointed at angle, which is rounded and armed with enlarged serrae. Hind border of praeoperculum finely serrated. Opercular spine equidistant, lower one somewhat further back than upper one. Opercular flap pointed. Teeth in narrow bands, in two series on the sides of the lower jaw. Canines moderate. Head nearly entirely covered with cycloid scales, maxillary naked. Gillrakers shorter than gill-fringes, 12-13 and some rudiments on lower part of anterior arch. Dorsal originating above base of pectorals, fourth spine longest, 2-2.7 in head, somewhat shorter than longest soft dorsal rays. Second and third anal spine subequal, shorter than second dorsal spine and much shorter than longest soft anal rays. Pectorals longer than head without snout, ventrals equal to postorbital part of head. Scales ciliated, those on first part of body above lateral line almost smooth. Caudal rounded.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Serranus megachir Richardson, 1846
Serranus pardalis Bleeker, 1849
Serranus gilberti Gunther, 1859
Epinephelus pardalis Bleeker, 1863
Serranus hexagonatus Klunzinger, 1870
Serranus gilberti Gunther, 1873
Epinephelus gilberti Bleeker, 1874
Serranus merra Day, 1888
Serranus alatus Macleay, 1881
Epinephelus megachir Boulenger, 1895
Epinephelus megachir Jordan and Seale, 1907
Epinephelus megachir Jordan and Richardson, 1908
Epinephelus gilberti Bean and Weed, 1912
Epinephelus megachir Jordan, 1913
Serranus daemelii Fowler, 1928

Common Name (s)
• Honeycomb Grouper (English)
• Bontoo (Telugu)
• Pulli Cullawah (Tamil)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Coastal


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Rahim, Z; Aziz, KMS; Huq, MI and Saeed, H (1985) Isolation of Aeromonas hydrophila from the wounds of five species of brackish water fish of Bangladesh Bangladesh Journal of Zoology 13(1) 37-42 Available at - Zoological Records (Bangladesh)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1931) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 6 448 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-07-20

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