Dicrolene nigricaudis   (Alcock,  1891) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Ophidiiformes
Family:Ophidiidae

Description
Size: 224-73 mm SL.

Color: Color in formalin pale brownish; posterior third of caudal, including the posterior parts of dorsal and anal fins is black; no blotches and spots on body.

Snout blunt; eye large; eye length almost equal to snout length and preorbital length; mouth large and terminal; upper jaw ends below posterior margin of eye. Premaxilla with two palatine and a vomerine tooth patches; opercular spine strong and straight. 3 short spines at hind margin of preopercle; 2 median and 2 basibranchial tooth patches, upper more elongated than lower; branchiostegal rays 9; 2 pseudobranchial filaments; total gill rakers 15 with 9-10 developed rakers on anterior gill arch.
Body elongated; body depth and head length are more or less equal, head depth 1.3 times that of head length, small cycloid scales covered; preanal length about twice of head length; pelvic fin placed below preopercle; lower 5-6 rays of pectoral fin free and longer; pectoral fin length 3.4 times that of pelvic fin length, dorsal fin length 1.2 times that of anal fin length, dorsal fin and anal fin joined with caudal fin; each pelvic fin with 2 separate rays. Precaudal vertebrae are 27 % of the total vertebrae.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers. Oviparous, with oval pelagic eggs floating in a gelatinous mass.


Synonym (s)
Dicrolene nigricaudis (Alcock, 1891)
(Senior synonym)
Paradicrolene nigricaudis Alcock, 1891
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal

Biogeography


• Kerala, Off Travancore Coast INDIA
• Andaman Sea INDIA (Record: 07/1891) (Depth: -(344-402) mts)
• Karnataka, Off Mangalore (Lat: 12.91) (Long: 74.11) INDIA (Record: 11/11/2006) (Depth: -740 mts)
• South West Coast INDIA (Depth: 740 mts)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Alcock, A (1994) A descriptive catalogue of the Indian deep sea fishes in the Indian museum Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd.,New Delhi 1-211 Available at - CMFRI Library, Cochin- 682018
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Cubelio, SS; Joseph, J; Venu, S; Deepu, AV and Kurup, BM (2009) Redescription of Dicrolene nigricaudis (Alcock, 1899) a rare species of deep sea cusk eel (Ophidiiformes: Ophidiidae) from Indian EEZ Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 38(2) 166-169 Available at - http://nopr.niscair.res.in/bitstream/123456789/4666/1/IJMS%2038%282%29%20166-169.pdf
  • Dr. Shivaji, A; Dr. Sanjeevan, VN; Saravanane, N; Dr. Shunmugaraj, T and Dr. Gupta, GVM (2010) Achievements of FORV Sagar Sampada 1997-2010 Centre for Marine Living Resources and Ecology, Ministry of earth Sciences, Kochi, India 10-21 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-07-18

Back to Search