Thelenota ananas   (Jaeger,  1833) (Sea Cucumber)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Holothuroidea

Image copyrights: Teresa Zubi

Size: Max length 80.0 cm TL (male); common length 45.0 cm TL (male)

Max. weight reported: 7,000 g

Color: The body is reddish orange with ‘teats’ darker than the rest of the body surface. The tube feet on the underside are bright orange. specimens from the Lakshadweep are brown on the upper side and bright orange on the lower side.

It is very distinctive in appearance with large pointed ‘teats’ in groups of two or three all over the body surface. There are numerous large tube feet on the flat underside. Body subquadrangular, mouth ventral. Papillae large, conically compressed with their bases united together forming semistar like appendages. Species consisting of dichotomously branched rods and numerous minute oval grains, some rods are smooth, curved at ends.

It is a medium-value species for processing.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders. Sexual reproduction takes places during warm season. A species with a low potential fecundity and late sexual maturity.

Synonym (s)
Trepang anonas Jaeger, 1833
Thelenota ananas Mukhopadhyay and Samanta, 1983
Holothuria (Thelenota) grandis Brandt, 1835
Holothuria ananas Quoy & Gaimard, 1834
Holothuria hystrix Saville-Kent, 1890
Trepang ananas Jaeger, 1833

Common Name (s)
• Prickly Redfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, used for beche-de-mer preparation)

Habitat:  Benthic, Reef Associated, Sandy
Trophic Level:  Primary Consumer
Prey:  Halmeda sp. (alga)


• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Kulkarni, S; Saxena, A and Choudhury, BC (2001) New records of holothurians (Echinodermata: Holothuria) from Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 98(3) 480-481
  • Nagabhushanam, AK and Krishnan, S (1993) Observations on the distribution of some of the marine organism inhabiting the inter-tidal zone along the western continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal, with particular reference to the Tamil Nadu coastal strip Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(3-4) 449-490 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Samyn, Y; VandenSpiegel, D and Massin, C (2005) Sea cucumbers of the Comoros Archipelago SPC Beche-de-mer Information Bulletin 22 14-18
  • Martens, EE and De Clerck, GG (1994) Interstitial and parasitic Platyhelminthes from the coast of the Seychelles Oceanic reefs of the Seychelles: report on a cruise of RV Tyro to the Seychelles in 1992 and 1993 National Museum of Natural History, Leiden 97-106 Available at - Zoological Records
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Mukhopadhyay, SK (1991) Echinodermata: Holothurioidea State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 399-413 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • James, DB (2001) Twenty sea cucumbers from seas around India Naga, The ICLARM Quarterly 24(1 & 2) 4-8 Available at -
  • Sealifebase Available at -
  • Starfish Available at -
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at -
  • Sastry, DRK (2007) Echinodermata of India : An annotated list Records of Zoological Survey of India Occassional paper No. 271 ZSI, Kolkata 1-387 Available at -
  • James, DB (1989) Echinoderms of Lakshadweep and their zoogeography Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 97-144 Available at -
  • James, DB (1989) Beche-de-mer resources of Lakshadweep Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 144-149 Available at -
  • James, DB and James PSBR (1994) A hand-book on Indian sea-cucumbers CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI, Kochi, India 59 1-47 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-12-23

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