Benthosema pterotum   (Alcock,  1890) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Aulopiformes
Family:Myctophidae

Description
Max. size: 7.0 cm TL.

Dorsal spines (total): 0-0, Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-14, Anal spines: 0, Anal soft rays: 17-22, elongated body shape in lateral.

Dioecious, external fertilization, two seasonal peaks of spawning per year, non guarders of eggs, open water/substratum egg scatterers.
Copepods and various crustacean larvae seem to be the dominant food items. Lipid content is 4.6 % in fresh body weight.


Synonym (s)
Scopelus pterotus Alcock, 1890
Scopelus pterotum Alcock, 1890
(Misspelling)
Myctophum pterotum (Alcock, 1890)
Myctophum gilberti Evermann & Seale, 1907
Benthosema pterota (Alcock, 1890)
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Skinnycheek Lanternfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Cultured:  No

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Benthic copepods, ostracods, shrimps/prawns (unidentified macrurans), euphausiids ( Euphausia pacifica), Planktonic copepods ( Amallothrix sp., Candacia curta, Candacia spp., Eucalanus sp., Lucicutia flavicornis, Lucicutia gemina, Nannocalanus min
Predator:  Bony fishes of the families Lophiidae (Lophius litulon), Myctophidae (Diaphus coeruleus), Sciaenidae (Larimichthys polyactis), Scombridae (Euthynnus affinis, Scomber japonicus), Scyliorhinidae (Galeus nipponensis), Champsodontidae (Champsodon capensis)

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Arabian Sea INDIA
• Arabian Sea INDIA (Record: 1994-1997)

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Harris, SA; Cyrus, DP and Forbes, AT (1995) The larval fish assemblage at the mouth of the Kosi estuary, Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa South African Journal of Marine Science 16 351-364 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dalpadado, P and Gjosaeter, J (1987) Observations on mesopelagic fish from the Red Sea Marine Biology (Berlin) 96 (2) 173-183 Available at - Zoological Records
  • Post, A and Svoboda, A (1980) Strandfunde mesopelagischer Fische aus dem Golf von Akaba. Archiv fuer Fischereiwissenschaft 30 137-143 Available at - ZOOR11700056166
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Karuppaswamy, PK; Muraleedharan, KR; Dineshkumar, PK and Nair, M (2009) Distribution of mesopelagic micronekton in the Arabian Sea during the winter monsoon Indian Journal of Marine Sciences NISCAIR 39(2) 227-237 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/3683
  • Rajaram, R and Nedumaran, T (2009) Ichthyofaunal diversity in great Nicobar biosphere reserve, Bay of Bengal Journal of Threatened Taxa Wildlife Information Liaison Development Society 1(3) 166-169 Available at - http://threatenedtaxa.org/ZooPrintJournal/2009/March/o198526iii09166-169.pdf
  • Nair, KKC; Madhupratap, M; Gopalakrishnan, TC; Haridas, P and Gauns, M (1999) The Arabian Sea: Physical environment, zooplankton and myctophid abundance Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi 28 138-145 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/1835
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-07-15

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