Synodus hoshinonis   Tanaka,  1917 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Gloerfelt-Tarp, T.

Size: Maximum 20 cm; common to 12 cm.

Color: Background tan; a conspicuous black pigmented area on upper distal corner of operculum. Alternating light and dark brown saddle-like patches laterally. Fins pale, unbarred. Peritoneum pale; peritoneal spots 12 or 13 (average 12.3).

Body tubular, head somewhat depressed, caudal region a little compressed. Anterior palatine teeth long, forming a discrete group; dermal flap on anterior nares short, rounded, not extending beyond margin of nares when depressed anteriorly. Dorsal fin rays 12 to 14 (average 13) Anal fin rays 8 to 10 (average 9.6); procurrent caudal rays 25 to 29 ( average 27.1). Posterior pelvic process wide. Large cycloid scales on body extending onto cheeks and operculum; scales above lateral line 3.5. Total vertebrae 54 to 56 (average 54.7).

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water or substratum egg scatterers.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Blackear Lizardfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Demersal
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Zoobenthos, finfish, bony fish


Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Cressey, R (1981) Revision of Indo-west Pacific lizardfishes of the genus Synodus (Pisces: Synodontidae) Smithsonian Contribution to Zoology 342 p 53 Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-07-15

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