Arius thalassinus [Status Unaccepted]   (Ruppell,  1837) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Max. size: 180 cm

Color: Body rich reddish brown above, densely pigmented, the whole with a bronze or silvery luster; with numerous narrow, parallel, transverse iridescent cross-bands corresponding with lines of papillae. Dorsal, adipose and caudal fins dark terminally, as also upper surface of pectoral and pelvic fins.

Body elongate and robust; snout rather obtuse; dorsal profile before dorsal fin nearly straight and somewhat steep. Mouth sub-terminal; three pairs of barbels around mouth. Head shield weakly straited and granulated, its surface nearly smooth; supra-occipital process narrow, longer than broad at its base, its side border almost parallel and straight. Teeth in jaws villiform; teeth on palate fine, in 3 patches on either side, closely set and arranged in a large triangular group, the base of which is formed by two small anterior patches while the hind patch is much larger and extending backwards. Dorsal fin with a long pungent spine, prolonged into a filament; pectoral spine rather strong, as long as dorsal spine; adipose dorsal fin considerably small.

Synonym (s)
Ariodes aeneus Sauvage, 1883
Arius andamanensis Day, 1871
Arius nasutus Valenciennes, 1840
Arius serratus Day, 1877
Bagrus bilineatus (non Valenciennes, 1840)
Bagrus carchariorhynchos Bleeker, 1846
Bagrus laevigatus Valenciennes, 1840
Bagrus netuma Valenciennes, 1840
Bagrus thalassinus Ruppell, 1837
Netuma thalassina Ruppell, 1837
Netuma thalassina Whitley, 1941
Netuma thalassinus Ruppell, 1837
Tachysurus thalassinus Ruppell, 1837
Tachysurus serratus Day, 1877
Arius thalassinus Day, 1877
Tachysurus thalassinus Misra, 1976

Common Name (s)
• Giant Marine Catfish (English)
• Khagga (English)
• Giant Sea Catfish (English)
• Giant Salmon Catfish (English)
• Giant Catfish (English)
• Mogarushedde (Kannada)
• Kaggishedde (Kannada)
• Valiaettah (Malayalam)
• Navettah (Malayalam)
• Ven Keluru (Tamil)
• Mandai Kaliru (Tamil)
• Jeddi Jellu (Telugu)
• Thogadum (Telugu)
• Shingala (Marathi)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh or frozen, also dried and salted)

Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine, Muddy
Prey:  Crustaceans, molluscs and fish


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Devi, K and Rao, DV (2003) Poisonous and venomous fishes of Andaman Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 211 Records of The Zoolgical Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 25934 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Dhanze, JR and Jayaram, KC (1990) Comparative morphology of the Osteocranium in three species of the genus with a note on its utility in taxonomy (Ariidae: Siluriformes) Occasional paper no 123 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 17168 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Khan, RA (2003) Fish faunal resources of Sunderban estuarine system with special reference to the biology of some commercially important species Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 1-149 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds) (1991) Animal resources of India (Protozoa to Mammalia) ZSI 1-694 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Chatterjee, TK; Talukdar, RS and Mukherjee, AK (2000) Fish and fisheries of Digha coast of West Bengal Occasional paper no 188 Records of the Zoological Survey of India 31778 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Jayaram, KC (1982) Aid to the identification of the siluroid fishes of India, Burma, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Bangladesh: Ariidae and Plotosidae Occasional paper no 37 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 14977 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ocean Biogeographic Information System Available at -
  • Pauly, D and Palomares, ML (1878) Shrimp consumption by fish in Kuwait waters: A methodology, preliminary results and their implications for managemant and research Kuwait Bulletin of Marine Science 9 101-125 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Euzen, O (1987) Food habits and diet composition of some fish of Kuwait Kuwait Bulletin of Marine Science 9 65-85 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (2004) AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation University of California at Berkeley, USA Available at -
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at -
  • Ramani, K; Ammini, PL; Srinivasan, J; Najeemudeen, SH; Beena, MR; George, KP; Seynudeen, MB; Subbaraman, G; Anandan, K; Khambadkar, LL; Augustine, SK; Pugazhendi, D; Rudhramurthy, N; Subramani, S; Seetharaman, S; Batcha, HK and Sankaralingam, S (2010) An overview of marine fisheries in India during 2007 Marine Fisheries Information Service CMFRI, Kochi 203 1-14 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Kizhakudan, SJ; Nair, KVS and Zala, MS Demersal Finfish Resources of Gujarat Sustainable fisheries development: Focus on Gujarat 57-66 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, SD; Rajan, PT and Soundararajan, S (2006) Marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fishing Chimes 25(10) 108-110 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-24

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