Muraenichthys schultzei   Bleeker,  1857 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Anguilliformes
Family:Ophichthidae

Image copyrights: Devarapalli, P.

Description
Size: 80-144 mm.

Color: Dorsal surface above lateral line closely speckled with black, yellow to yellowish-green below; small specimens lack pigment, with the heart and blood vessels showing as reddish structures through the body wall.

Body elongate, cylindrical in front, compressed along tail; Body depth 20 to 25 times in total length. Snout blunt. Eye situated behind middle of cleft of mouth, which reaches one eye diameter behind eye. Head bluntly conical; mouth moderately large, extending well beyond eye; anterior nostril a short tube, posterior nostril opening outward, low on lip, below and before eyes; teeth small, sharp, acicular, of equal size on jaws and vomer (roof of mouth), where they form rather broad, equally long bands, those on intermaxillary plate somewhat larger, in a circular group. Dorsal fin originating close before, to close behind, level of anus; no pectoral fins. No scales. Vertebrae about 122.


Synonym (s)
Muraenichthys schultzei Max Weber, 1913
Muraenichthys schultzei Bleeker, 1857
Muraenichthys schultzii Gunther, 1870
Muraenichthys schultzei Day, 1888
Muraenichthys schultzi Bleeker, 1857
(Misspelling)
Muraenichthys schulzei Bleeker, 1857
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Maimed snake eel (English)
• Bleeker's Worm Eel (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed live or fresh and used as shark bait. Caught almost exclusively in bag or 'dol' nets, or by digging.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Coastal

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Sea INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Arabian Sea, Rupan Coast INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1916) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A.J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 3 455 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-06-29

Back to Search