Gymnothorax richardsoni   (Bleeker,  1852) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Deep Sea Images

Size: 82-183 mm.

Color: Yellowish grey with irregular and broken dark brown interconnecting bars on head, body and tail including fins; lower part of head and belly mottled with brown; lower jaw and upper lip more or less barred.

Head 7.6-8.2, depth of body 17.5-18.6, both in total length. Head and trunk as long as tail. Head about 2.8-3.0 in trunk. Eye diameter 8.2-9.0 in head, 1.3-1.4 in snout and equal to interorbital space. Anterior nostrils tubular, on each side of tip of snout, hind nostrils above front border of eye with slightly raised rims. Cleft of mouth 2.7-2.9 in head. Dorsal fin origin before a vertical from the gill opening. Teeth in a single series in jaws, premaxillary with an inner series of 3 canines; maxillary with an inner row of 2-4 teeth; teeth on vomer biserial in front, uniserial behind.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Muraena richardsoni Bleeker, 1852
Gymnothorax richardsoni Bleeker, 1864
Lycodontis richardsoni Smith, 1962
Muraena (Gymnothorax) richardsoni Weber and de Beaufort, 1916

Common Name (s)
• Richardson's Moray (English)
• Veng
• Malanhi
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Pelagic, Reef Associated, Demersal


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Deep sea images: Natural history image library Available at -
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-06-29

Back to Search