Lutjanus lutjanus   Bloch,  1790 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 18-35 cm.

Color: Generally silvery white, with a broad yellow stripe running along the side from the eye to the caudal fin base. A series of faint narrow yellow horizontal lines is on the lower half of the body. The fins are pale yellow to whitish.

Dorsal profile of head gently sloped. Preorbital bone very narrow, much less than eye diameter. Preopercular notch and knob poorly developed. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Height 2.7-3, 3.4-3.6 in length with caudal. Head 2.8-2.9, 3.5 in length with caudal. Eye 3.6-3.8, 1.2 in snout and equal to or somewhat more than somewhat convex inter orbital space. Mouth slightly oblique. Maxillary reaching to below middle of eye or nearly so. Very narrow bands of small teeth in the jaws, with an outer series of larger caninoid ones, those in front of the upper jaw and on the sides of the lower jaw still larger and more or less fang like. Small teeth on vomer, forming a triangular patch with a long pointed backward prolongation. Similar teeth on palatines in a narrow band. Preorbital and suborbital rugose. About six transverse rows of scales on preoperculum, not counting those of the preopercular limb, which are more or less deciduous. Posterior preopercular limb naked. Hind and lower border of preoperculum denticulated, less so in large specimens. Preopercular notch slightly developed. Anterior part of head naked. Scales beginning above midle of eyes. Temporal region scaly. Longitudinal rows of scales above lateral line running obliquely and ascending to dorsal profile, those below lateral line parallel to the axis of the body, somewhat ascending on the tail. About 56-62 transverse rows of scales above, and about 48-49 below lateral line. First dorsal spine half length of second, which is shorter than third. Third and fourth longest, about equal to postorbital part of head. Following spine gradually decreasing in length. Soft dorsal slightly rounded, lower than spinous part. First anal spine less than half length of second, which is longer and equal to distance between hind border of eye and posterior nostril. Soft anal truncate, higher than spinous part. Pectorals half length of snout shorter than head or somewhat longer. Ventrals equal to postorbital part of head and half eye together. Ventrals spine as long as distance between hind border of eye and anterior nostril. Caudal slightly emarginate. Dorsal spines (total): 10-12, Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-12, Anal spines: 3, Anal soft rays: 8.

Dioecious with external fertilization

Age: 11 years

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Mesoprion erythrognathus Valenciennes, 1831
Mesoprion xanthopterygius Bleeker, 1849
Rhomboplitoides megalops Fowler, 1918
Lutjanus blochii Lacepede, 1802
Lutjanus lineolatus (Ruppell, 1829)
Diacope lineolata Ruppell, 1829
Lutianus lineolatus (Ruppell, 1829)
Serranus nouleny Valenciennes, 1828
Mesoprion caroui Cuvier, 1828
Mesoprion madras Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1828
Lutianus lutjanus Bloch, 1790
Diacope olivaceus Bleeker, 1845
Mesoprion olivaceus Bleeker, 1840
Mesoprion lutjanus Kner, 1865
Mesoprion machas Playfair, 1867
Lutjanus olivaceus Bleeker, 1868
Lutjanus madras Day, 1888
Lutjanus lutjanus Bleeker, 1877
Lutjanus madras Sauvage, 1891
Lutianus lunulatus Evermann and Seale, 1907
Lutianus madras Jordan and Starks, 1917
Lutjanus lutjanus Fowler, 1931
Lutianus lutianus Bloch, 1790

Common Name (s)
• Bigeye Snapper (English)
• Rosy Snapper (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh or frozen)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine
Prey:  Benthic crustaceans and fishes


• Goa, Marmagao Bay INDIA
• Red Sea
• Gulf of Oman
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Arabian Sea (Lat: 7.78) (Long: 77.23) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 57 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore Coast INDIA (Record: 07/2008-08/2008, 12/2008)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Gujarat, Medi-Sinthodi Creek (Lat: 23.45) (Long: 68.48) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-12/2000)
• Gujarat, Jakhau-Babber Creek (Lat: 23.5) (Long: 68.6) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-12/2000)
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Rajan, PT (2003) A field guide to marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, 234/4, AJC Bose Road, 2nd MSO Building, (13th Floor), Nizam Palace, Kolkata-700 020 260 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • (1994) The effect of artificial reef installation on the biosocioeconomics of small scale fisheries in Ranong province, Thailand Bay of Bengal Programme Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Khan, MAR (1998) New record of six marine fishes from St. Martins Coral Island, Bay of Bengal, in Bangladesh Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 95(2) 228-233 Available at - Zoological Records (Bangladesh)
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Garpe, KC and Ohman, MC (2003) Coral and fish distribution patterns in Mafia Island marine park Tanzania fish habitat interactions Hydrobiologia Kluwer Academic Publishers 498 191-211 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Al-Abdessalaam, TZS (1995) Marine species of the Sultanate of Oman p 412 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Ansari, ZA; Sreepada, RA; Dalal, SG; Ingole, BS and Chatterji, A (2003) Environmental influences on the trawl catches in a bay-estuarine system of Goa, west coast of India Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Elsevier 56(3-4) 503-515 Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at -
  • Balachandran, K and Nizar, MA (1990) A check list of fishes of the Exclusive Economic Zone of India collected during the research cruises of FORV Sagar Sampada Proceedings of the first workshop on scientific results of FORV Sagar Sampada CMFRI, Cochin 305-324 Available at -
  • Varghese, M; Manisseri, MK; Ramamurthy, N; Geetha, PM; Thomas, VJ and Gandhi, A (2011) Coral reef fishes of Gulf of Mannar, S.E of India Fishing Chimes CMFRI 31(1) 38-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Lakshmi, A and Sundaramanickam, A (2011) Biodiversity of reef ichthyofauna in Cuddalore coast, southeast coast of India International Journal of Environmental Sciences Integrated Publishing Association 1(7) 1616-1621 Available at -
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • James, PSBR; Lazarius, S and Arumugam, G (1994) The present status of 'Major Perch' fisheries in India Perch fisheries in India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 47 1-9 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Saravanakumar, A; Rajkumar, M; Serebiah, JS and Thivakaran, GA (2009) Fishery resources in arid zone mangroves in gulf of Kachchh, Gujarat, northwest coast of India Journal of Ocean University of China Springer 8(3) 233-240 Available at -
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-16

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