Cephalopholis urodeta   (Forster,  1801) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 28.0 cm TL (male)

Color: Head reddish brown with numerous, close set orange red spots, caudal fin reddish brown to almost black. dorsal and anal fins dusky with orange-red submarginal band.

Head 265, 3.25 in length with the caudal. Eye 54 and equal to interorbital space. Maxillary reaches beyond posterior border of eye; lower jaw prominent. Longitudinal scale series on the lateral side of the body.
Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14-16; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 8-9.

Protogynous, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers.

Synonym (s)
Percam urodetam Forster, 1801
Cephalopholis nigripinna (Valenciennes, 1828)
(Junior synonym)
Cephalopholis nigripinnis (Valenciennes, 1828)
(Junior synonym)
Cephalopholis urodela (Valenciennes, 1828)
(Junior synonym)
Cephalopholis urodelus (Valenciennes, 1828)
(Junior synonym)
Epinephelus erythraeus (Valenciennes, 1830)
(Junior synonym)
Epinephelus nigripinnis (Valenciennes, 1828)
(Junior synonym)
Epinephelus playfairi Bleeker, 1879
(Junior synonym)
Epinephelus urodelus (Valenciennes, 1828)
(Junior synonym)
Perca urodeta Forster, 1801
(Senior synonym)
Perca urodeta Forster, 1844
(Junior synonym)
Serranus erythraeus Valenciennes, 1830
(Junior synonym)
Serranus mars De Vis, 1884
(Junior synonym)
Serranus mauritiae Gudger, 1829
(Ambiguous synonym)
Serranus nigripinnis Valenciennes, 1828
(Junior synonym)
Serranus urodelus Valenciennes, 1828
(Junior synonym)
Cephalopholis urodelus (Forster, 1801)
Cephalopolis nigripinnis (Valenciennes, 1828)
Epinephelus playfayri Bleeker, 1879

Common Name (s)
• Darkfin Grouper (English)
• Flagtail Grouper (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, aquarium)
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(Major threats are habitat destruction due to coral reef loss and degradation, climate change and in particular coral bleaching (present and future threat).)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Small fishes, crustaceans
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair, South Point INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • James, C; O'Farrell, S; Hamylton, S; Ingwersen, C and Walker, R The coral reef resources of Mu Ko Surin national park, Thailand Coral Cay Conservation Available at - www.coralcay.org
  • Rajan, PT (2003) A field guide to marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, 234/4, AJC Bose Road, 2nd MSO Building, (13th Floor), Nizam Palace, Kolkata-700 020 260 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Durville, P; Chabanet, P and Quod, JP (2003) Visual Census of the Reef Fishes in the Natural Reserve of the Glorieuses Islands (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean J. Mar. Sci. WIOMSA 2 95-104
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Sujatha, K (2004) Groupers off Visakhapatnam, northeast coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 46(1) 87-92 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Rao, DV; Rajan, PT and Devi K (1992) New records of groupers (Family: Serranidae) and cardinal fishes (Family: Apogonidae) from Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman science association, Port Blair 8(1) 47-52 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-04-28

Back to Search