Brania subterranea   (Hartmann-Schroder,  1956) (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Annelida
Class: Polychaeta
Order:Phyllodocida
Family:Syllidae

Description
Size: Length 1.8 – 2.0 mm and width 0.12 mm.

Minute worms with 25-30 setigerous segments. Prostomium with 2 long palps, 3 tentacles and 2 pairs of tentacular cirri. Palps are partly covered with a dorsal membrane. Parapodia with long dorsal cirri. Each parapodium with 12 short setae bearing serrated terminal blades. Two pairs of eyes present, the anterior ones being larger in size. Pharynx with anterior conical tooth. Gizzard cylindrical with 20-22 rings. All tentacles and cirri are club-shaped. Pygidium with 2 long, club-shaped anal cirri. Body transparent and contractile.

Sexes separate. Gravid female with 10-12 lateral egg sacs 0n 12-22 setigerous segments.


Synonym (s)
Pionosyllis subterranea Hartmann-Schroder, 1956

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine, Rocky, Sandy, Muddy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 8/2/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bangaram INDIA (Record: 10/2/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA (Record: 13/02/1987)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bomila Creek INDIA (Record: 19/03/1990)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Alexandra Island (Lat: 11.36) (Long: 92.53) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Alexandra Island (Lat: 11.61) (Long: 92.71) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Rutland Island (Lat: 11.36) (Long: 92.53) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Rutland Island (Lat: 11.61) (Long: 92.71) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar, Bonnington Bay (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 93.63) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar, Bonnington Bay (Lat: 7.25) (Long: 93.93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Galathea Bay (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 93.63) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Galathea Bay (Lat: 7.25) (Long: 93.93) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, GC (1993) Littoral meiofauna of Little Andaman Records of the Zoological Survey of India. Occasional paper no. 155 ZSI, Calcutta 120 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Rao, GC (1991) Meiofauna State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 41-135 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, GC (1987) Meiofauna of the Marine National Park, South Andaman Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 3(2) 88-97 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, GC (1988) Meiofauna of the intertidal sediments on Great Nicobar Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 4 (2) 89-100 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-06-22

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