Cephalopholis cyanostigma   (Valenciennes,  1828) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: Max length 25 cm - 40.0 cm TL (male/unsexed)

Color: Juveniles dark brown with bright yellow dorsal, anal, pelvic and tail fins. At size about 9 cm, small scattered blue dots appear and yellow on fins begins to recede. Opercular membrane darker than head; caudal fin and soft portion of dorsal and anal fin darker than body, the distal margin bluish white.

Head 2.41 and 2.9 in length with caudal. Eye 6.55 and 1.6 in snout. Lower jaw strongly projecting; mouth little oblique; maxillary reaching beyond vertical through hind border of the eye; snout and maxillary scaled. Longitudinal scale rows on the lateral side of the body; caudal rounded.
Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-17; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 7-8.

Protogynous, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers.

Synonym (s)
Cephalopholis kendalli Evermann & Seale, 1907
(Junior synonym)
Cephalopholis xanthopterus Allen & Starck, 1975
(Junior synonym)
Serranus cyanostigma Valenciennes, 1828
(Senior synonym)
Epinephelus cyanostigrna (Valenciennes, 1828)
Serranus cyanostigma Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1828

Common Name (s)
• Bluspotted Grouper (English)
• Bluespot Grouper (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(It is vulnerable to overfishing and habitat degradation (fish-bombing, sedimentation; bleaching in some areas).)

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Crustaceans and fishes
Predator:  Synodus englemani
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Barren Island INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Suppa, M; Suebsin, S; Suri, V and Songsirikul, T (1997) Checklist of fishes in Thailand Office of Environmental Policy and Planning 1-353 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Rao, GC; Rao, DV and Devi, K (1994) A faunal exploration of the North Reef Island sanctuary, North Andaman Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 10(1&2) 68-81 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, DV; Rajan, PT and Devi K (1992) New records of groupers (Family: Serranidae) and cardinal fishes (Family: Apogonidae) from Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman science association, Port Blair 8(1) 47-52 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-04-28

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