Crocodilus porosus   Schneider  (Crocodile)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Reptilia

Size: 6 m to 20 m

Color: Juveniles are normally pale tan with black stripes and spots on the body and tail; mature adults are generally dark, with lighter tan or grey areas; ventral surface (belly) is creamy yellow to white; dark bands and stripes are present on the lower flanks.

Large-headed species with a heavy set of jaws; pair of ridges run from the eye orbits along the centre of the snout, becoming more distinct with age; upper surface of the top jaw becomes very rugose in large adult males; scales on the flanks are more oval in shape than other species, although belly scales are rectangular, even and relatively small; osteoderms are restricted to the back and a small nuchal cluster on the neck.

Synonym (s)
Crocodilus porosus Schneider, 1801

Common Name (s)
• Estuarine Crocodile (English)
• Marshy Crocodile
Economic Importance and Threats



• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Orissa, Bhittarkanika Mangroves INDIA
• East Coast INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Mandal, FB; Nandi, NC and Mandal, AK (1993) Catalogue of the protozoans occurring in the reptiles from India Occasional paper no 148 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta p 36 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Tikader, BK and Das, AK (1985) Glimpses of animal life of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, Kolkata 1-170 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Ahmed, S and Dasgupta, G (1992) Reptilia State fauna series 3: Fauna of West Bengal. Part 2 ZSI, Calcutta 1-65 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Untawale, AG; Dhargalkar, VK and Deshmukhe, GV (2000) Prioritization of potential sites for marine biodiversity conservation in India Setting biodiversity conservation priorities for India: Summary of the findings and conclusions of the biodiversity conservation prioritization project World Wide Fund for Nature - India, New Delhi (India) Available at -
  • Das, AK and Roy, MKD (1989) A general account of the mangrove fauna of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fauna of conservation areas Zoological survey of India 1-152 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • MarineBio Available at -

Page last updated on:2013-01-09

Back to Search