Synaptula recta   (Semper,  1867) (Sea Cucumber)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Echinodermata
Class: Holothuroidea
Order:Apodida
Family:Synaptidae

Description
Size: 15-50 mm

Color: Light yellowish brown

Body wall vermiform, thin and transparent. Tentacles 10-15, number of digits of each tentacle varies and their size is proportional to the size of the specimen, digits webbed. Calcareous ring with a large hole at anterior end, interradial piece with conical projections. Spicules consisting of anchors having two flukes of equal sizes, anchor plates oval and symmetrical, the broad anterior end having six large toothed holes of uniform sizes while the posterior end has three small holes, the central one being largest, military granules present.


Synonym (s)
Synapta recta Semper, 1868
Synaptula recta Clark and Rowe, 1971
Synaptula recta Mukhopadhyay, 1988
Chondrocloea (Synapta) striata var. incurvata Vaney, 1905
Chondrocloea albo-punctata Sluiter, 1901
Synapta recta Semper, 1867
Synaptula boweniensis Heding, 1931
Synaptula rubra Heding, 1931

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Estuarine, Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 79.12) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 1963-1970)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Red Sea
• SRI LANKA (Record: 1971)
• West Bengal, Bhangaduni Island INDIA (Record: 11/03/1989)
• West Bengal, Thakuran River, Ajmalmari INDIA (Record: 06/03/1989)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Tikader, BK and Das, AK (1985) Glimpses of animal life of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, Kolkata 1-170 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Samyn, Y; VandenSpiegel, D and Massin, C (2005) Sea cucumbers of the Comoros Archipelago SPC Beche-de-mer Information Bulletin 22 14-18
  • Riaz, A and Skewes, T (2005) Resource assessment of the holothurian populations in the Seychelles Beche-de-mer Information Bulletin 21 19-21 Available at - http://www.spc.int/coastfish/News/BDM/21/BDM21.pdf
  • James, DB (1985) Echinoderm fauna of the proposed national park in the gulf of Mannar Proceedings of the Symposium on endangered marine animals and parks Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 1 403-406 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Mukhopadhyay, SK (1991) Echinodermata: Holothurioidea State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 399-413 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Mukhopadhyaya, SK (1995) Holothuroidea: Echinodermata Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 339-344 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Kumara, PBTP; Cumaranathunga, PRT and Linden, O (2005) Present status of the sea cucumber fishery in southern Sri Lanka: A resource depleted industry SPC Beche-de-mer Information Bulletin 22 24-29 Available at - http://www.spc.int/Coastfish/news/BDM/22/Terney.pdf
  • James, DB (1985) Echinoderm fauna of the proposed National Marine Park in the Gulf of Mannar Proceedings of the symposium on endangered marine animals and marine parks Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 1 403-406 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2360/1/Article_64.pdf
  • James, DB (1983) Research on Indian echinoderms-A review Journal of Marine Biological association of India The Marine Biological Association of India. 25(1&2) 91-108 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1294/1/James_91-108.pdf
  • Sastry, DRK (2007) Echinodermata of India : An annotated list Records of Zoological Survey of India Occassional paper No. 271 ZSI, Kolkata 1-387 Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/checklist/Echinodermata_India_Checklist.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-04-27

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