Diogenes miles   (Fabricius,  1787) (Crab)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Diogenidae

Description
Color: Carapace and legs are yellow with ash colored patches. Ash colored longitudinal stripe is also seen on the eyestalks.

All the specimens were noted to occupy the shells of Oliva gibbosa. A very fine example for adaptive radiation, this animal has flattened its carapace for inhabiting this particular gastropod shell where the opercular opening is flattened. Other hermit crabs cannot even enter this shell. This species is a typical example for resource partitioning and other hermit crabs do not compete with this for the occupation of narrow mouthed shells; this mechanism thus enables this species to co-exist with other hermit crabs amicably in the marine environment.


Synonym (s)
Cancer miles Herbst, 1791
Diogenes miles Henderson, 1893
Diogenes diaphanus Fabricius, 1798
(Junior synonym)
Cancer diaphanus Herbst, 1804
Pagurus diaphanus Fabricius, 1798
Pagurus miles Fabricius, 1787

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Coastal

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA (Record: 2001-2007)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Irumeni INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Thonithurai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore INDIA
• West Bengal, Medinipur INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Khan, SA and Natarajan, R (1984) Hermit crab of Porto Novo coast (Decapoda: Anomura) Miscellaneous publication occasional paper no 67 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 39838 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Goswami, BCB (1992) Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 34 115-137 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Dineshbabu, AP; Durgekar, RN and Zacharia, PU (2011) Estuarine and marine decapods of Karnataka inventory Fishing Chimes Mr.J.V.H. Dixitulu 30 (10-11) 20-24 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7950/1/Dineshbabu-Fishing_Chimes_30(10%2611).pdf
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • Roy, MK (2010) Diversity and Distribution of Crustacea Fauna in wetlands of West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 147-187 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Chatterjee, TK; Husain, A and Mitra S (2007) Faunal diversity in prawns and crabs in Digha and adjacent coast in West Bengal with notes on the relationship of their abundance with physico-chemical parameters Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 104(3) 311-315 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-02-07

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