Toxotes jaculator [Status Unaccepted]   (Pallas,  1766) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 23.5 cm.

Color: Yellowish or silvery, back brown or olivaceous, from where usually descend five more or less triangular dark blotches, the rounded point of which reaching to middle line of flanks, the first on the nape, the second behind operculum, the third with its broad base before and below origin of dorsal, the fourth below soft dorsal, the small fifth on short caudal peduncle, angel of soft dorsal with a blackish spot, outer half of anal blackish.

Oblong, anteriorly pointed, posteriorly somewhat elevated, greatest height between origin of dorsal and anal, 2.4 in length, 2.9 in length with caudal, rostro-dorsal profile nearly straight, very broad and flattened. Head somewhat shorter than height. Eye about 3.7 in head, as long as pointed snout, much shorter than flat inter orbital space above middle of eye. About 23 scales between first dorsal spine and posterior nostril, lateral line curved upwards between the 4th and 9th lateral scale, the curvature terminating three scales before origin of dorsal. Base of dorsal shorter than that of anal, first spine much shorter than the succeeding, which are sub equal, Usually the third the longest, shorter than half length of head, rays lower, decreasing in size posteriorly with a straight margin. Third anal spine the longest, thrice the length of the first spine, as high as highest part of rounded rayed part. Pectorals as long as head without snout, ventrals equal to post orbital part of head. Caudal slightly emarginate.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Sciena jaculator Pallas, 1766
Scarus schlosseri Linne-Gmelin, 1788
Lobrus jaculatrix Lacepede, 1803
Scarus schlosseri Lacepede 1803
Chaetodon rostratus Shaw, 1803
Toxotes jaculator Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1831
Toxotes jaculator Bleeker, 1844
Toxotes jaculator C. V. Cantor, 1850
Toxates jaculator Montrouzier, 1856
Toxotes jaculator Gunther, 1860
Toxotes jaculator Peters, 1869
Toxotes jaculator Day, 1870
Toxotes jaculator de Castelnau, 1873
Toxotes jaculator Bleeker, 1876
Toxotes jaculator Macleay, 1882
Toxotes jaculator Sauvage, 1883
Toxotes jaculator Day, 1888
Toxotes jaculator Volz, 1903
Toxotes jaculator Seal, 1906
Toxotes jaculatrix Jordan and Seale, 1908
Toxotes jaculatrix Seale, 1910
Toxotes jaculator de Beaufort, 1913
Toxotes jaculator Fowler, 1928
Toxotes jaculator Duncker and Mohr, 1929
Toxotes jaculator Fowler and Bean, 1929
Toxotes jaculator Herre, 1931

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• West Bengal, Hugli Estuary (Lat: 22.21) (Long: 88.08) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA (Record: 1936)
• INDIA (Record: 1936)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at -
  • Goswami, BCB (1992) Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 34 115-137 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Day, F (1981) The fishes of Malabar 1-281 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-18

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