Valamugil buchanani   (Bleeker,  1854) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Meyer, T.

Size: 35-100 cm.

Color: Body greenish above, silvery on sides and belly; dark spot at base of pectoral fin. Caudal fin bluish; pectoral and pelvic fins yellowish.

Body robust; head wide, flattened dorsally; its length 25 to 26% of the standard length. Adipose tissue a rim around eye. Lips thin, lower lip with a high double symphysial knob; hind end of upper jaw reaching vertical between the posterior nostril and anterior rim of eye. Teeth labial, small, fine and spaced, sparser in upper lip. Preorbitals wide, filling the space between lip and eye, notched anteriorly. Two widely separated dorsal fins; first fin with 4 spines, and second fin with 1 spine and 8 soft rays; origin of first dorsal fin equidistant from snout tip and base of caudal fin; origin of second dorsal fin on vertical from anal fin origin. Anal fin with 3 spines and 9 soft rays. Pectoral fin equal to head length or slightly shorter, with elongated axillary scale; pectoral fin just reaches vertical from origin of first dorsal fin. Caudal fin forked. Scales in lateral series 32 to 33.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers. Oviparous, eggs are pelagic and non-adhesive.

Caught during the spawning period with the help of stakenets, pouch nets, and barrier nets.

Synonym (s)
Mugil buchanani Bleeker, 1853
Valamugil buchanani Luther, 1975
Moolgarda buchanani (Bleeker, 1854)
(Senior synonym)
Mugil buchanani Bleeker, 1854
(Senior synonym)
Mugil ceylonensis Gunther, 1861
(Junior synonym)
Oedalechilus kesteveni Whitley, 1943
(Junior synonym)
Valamugil cunnesius (non Valenciennes, 1836)
(Misapplied name)
Valamugil engeli (non Bleeker, 1858)
(Misapplied name)
Valamugil seheli (non Forsskal, 1775)
(Misapplied name)
Valamugil buchanari (Bleeker, 1854)

Common Name (s)
• Bluetail Mullet (English)
• Buchanan's Blue Tail Mullet (English)
• Satya (Tamil)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Pelagic, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Algae, diatoms, detritus, and crustaceans


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Kerala, Veli Lake (Lat: 8.52) (Long: 76.88) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Palk Bay INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Kuronuma, K and Abe, Y (1986) Fishes of the Arabian Gulf Fishes of the Arabian Gulf 1-356 Available at - ZOOR12500001320
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Encyclopedia of Life Available at -
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at -
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R and Nedumaran, T (2009) Ichthyofaunal diversity in great Nicobar biosphere reserve, Bay of Bengal Journal of Threatened Taxa Wildlife Information Liaison Development Society 1(3) 166-169 Available at -
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-23

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