Arius sona [Status Unaccepted]   (Hamilton,  1822) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Siluriformes
Family:Ariidae

Image copyrights: Claus Qvist Jessen

Description
Color: Body leaden gray, pale below, the sides sometimes bluish with gold. Fins dusky to black terminally.

Body elongated, head broad and depressed. 3 pairs of barbels around mouth. Head shield granulated, the granules in radiating series. Median fontanelle on top of head rather broad and flat, not extending to base of supra-occipital process. Supra-occipital process as wide or under at its base than long, convex at its posterior extremity. Basal plate before dorsal fin narrow, S-shaped. Premaxillary band of teeth villiform, continuous, about 6 times as broad as long. Teeth on palate villiform, in two patches placed side by side laterally in on connected group on either side, anterior patch small, the outer patch large and triangular-shaped. Dorsal and pectoral fin-spines strong.


Synonym (s)
Bagrus gagorides Valenciennes, 1839
Pimelodus sona Hamilton-Buchanan, 1822
Tachysurus sona (Hamilton, 1822)
Arius sona Day, 1877
Tachysurus sona Misra, 1976

Common Name (s)
• Dusky Catfish (English)
• Shingala (Marathi)
• Sona Sea Catfish (English)
• Sona Sea Catfish (English)
• Sona Catfish (English)
• Khaga (Gujarati)
• Shingada (Gujarati)
• Jella (Telugu)
• Sona Tengra (Marathi)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai Coast (Lat: 18.98) (Long: 72.83) INDIA
• Goa, Aguada Bay INDIA
• Maharashtra, Dahanu Creek (Lat: 19.97) (Long: 72.72) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Danda Creek (Lat: 19.6) (Long: 72.72) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Savta Creek (Lat: 19.95) (Long: 72.77) INDIA
• INDIA
• PAKISTAN
• BANGLADESH
• SRI LANKA
• Maharashtra, Bassein INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Goa INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai Coast INDIA
• Maharashtra, Kila Bander INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Singh, DF and Yazdani, GM (1993) Ichthyofauna of Konkan region of Maharashtra (India) Records of the Zoological Survey of India. Occasional paper no 145 ZSI, Calcutta 46 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Khan, RA (2003) Fish faunal resources of Sunderban estuarine system with special reference to the biology of some commercially important species Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 1-149 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Chatterjee, TK; Talukdar, RS and Mukherjee, AK (2000) Fish and fisheries of Digha coast of West Bengal Occasional paper no 188 Records of the Zoological Survey of India 31778 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Jayaram, KC (1982) Aid to the identification of the siluroid fishes of India, Burma, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Bangladesh: Ariidae and Plotosidae Occasional paper no 37 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 14977 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Yazdani, GM; Pradhan, MS and Singh, DF Fauna of conservation areas: Fauna of Sanjay Gandhi National, Bombay (vertebrates) Records of the Zoological Survey of India 96(1-4) 225-251 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Ocean Biogeographic Information System Available at - http://www.iobis.org/
  • Ghosh, TK (2002) Ranking of fishes harvested from creeks at Dahanu in west coast of India AFSIB, Mangalore and AoA, Bhubaneswar 319-326 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Ansari, ZA; Sreepada, RA; Dalal, SG; Ingole, BS and Chatterji, A (2003) Environmental influences on the trawl catches in a bay-estuarine system of Goa, west coast of India Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Elsevier 56(3-4) 503-515 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0272-7714(02)00201-9
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Kizhakudan, SJ; Nair, KVS and Zala, MS Demersal Finfish Resources of Gujarat Sustainable fisheries development: Focus on Gujarat 57-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/6060/
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-06

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