Balaenoptera edeni   Anderson,  1878 (Whale)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order:Cetartiodactyla
Family:Balaenopteridae

Description
Size: Male: 14 m; Female: 15.6 m

Weight: 17 tons

Color: Bryde's whales are generally dark grey above. The throat and chin have some white in them. Some individuals have regions of light grey on each side, forward from the dorsal fin.

Bryde's whales closely resemble sei whales Balaenoptera borealis (q.v.). The heads of the two species are similar in profile and general appearance at a distance. Most Bryde's whales have three prominent ridges on the head, ahead of the blowholes-one medial, and one on each side from the area adjacent to the blowholes towards the tip of the snout. When present, the three ridges are characteristic of the species.

The dorsal fin is up to 46 cm tall, sickle-shaped and pointed. It is located about one-third of the body length forward from the tail fluke notch. The baleen plates number 250 to 370 and are slate-grey. They are 42 cm long and 24 cm wide. The bristles on the plates are usually light grey, sometimes fine and white, sometimes black.

The movements of this whale are said to be fish-like and jerky. The sei whale, with which it can be easily confused, normally moves sedately.


Synonym (s)
Balaenoptera brydei Olsen, 1913
Baloenoptera brydei Cadenat, 1957

Common Name (s)
• Tropical Whale (English)
• Piked Whale (English)
• Bryde's Whale (English)
• Coastal Form Bryde's Whale (English)
• Eden's Whale (English)
• Kochi Whale (English)
• Large Form Bryde's Whale (English)
• Offshore Bryde's Whale (English)
• Ordinary Bryde's Whale (English)
• Pygmy Bryde's Whale (English)
• Sittang Whale (English)
• Small Form Bryde's Whale (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Open Sea, Coastal
Prey:  Fish and crustaceans
IUCN Status:  Data Deficient

Biogeography


• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 15) (Long: 90) INDIA
• Bay of Bengal
• Kerala, Kozhikode INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Dhanushkodi INDIA (Record: 20/02/1983)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA (Record: 08/08/2006)
• INDIA (Record: 1800-2000)
• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Agarwal, VC and Alfred, JRB (1999) Handbook: Whales, dolphins and dugong from Indian seas ZSI, Calcutta 150 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at - http://www.unep-wcmc.org/
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds) (1991) Animal resources of India (Protozoa to Mammalia) ZSI 1-694 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Molur, S and Walker, S (1998) Mammals of India. Report summary 1998 Zoos' Print Journal Zoo Outreach Organisation, Coimbatore 13(9) 7 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Kumaran, PL (2002) Marine mammal research in India: A review and critique of the methods Current Science Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore 83(10) 1210-1220 Available at - www.ias.ac.in/currsci/nov252002/1210.pdf
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Gladstone, W and Fisher RP (1999) Status of cetaceans in the Farasan Islands Marine Protected Area (Red Sea) European Research on Cetaceans 13 232-235 Available at - ZOOR13600086581
  • Sathasivam K (2004) Marine mammals of India Universities Press(India) private limited, Hyderabad, India 180 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Jayasankar, P; Anoop, B; Rajgopalan, M; Yousuf, KMM; Reynold, P; Krishnakumar, PK; Afsal, VV and Krishnan, AA (2009) Indian Efforts on the Inventorization of Marine Mammal Species for their Conservation and Management Asian Fisheries Science Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines 22 143-155 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/5695/2/AFS_Mar_%2822%292009%5B1%5D.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Padmanaban P and Dinesh K.P (2011) A checklist of Marine Mammals of India Marine Biology Reginal centre, Zoological Survey of India 4pp Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/checklist/Marine%20mammals%20of%20India.pdf
  • Jefferson, TA; Leatherwood, S and Webber, MA (2006) Marine mammals of the world World biodiversity database Available at - http://nlbif.eti.uva.nl/bis/marine_mammals.php?menuentry=inleiding

Page last updated on:2012-11-07

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