Mactra turgida   Gmelin,  1791 (Clam)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Order:Veneroida
Family:Mactridae

Description
Color: Shell generally white but occassionally yellowish white or pale grayish, and deep pinkish violet towards the umbo.

Shell large, strongly inflated, smooth, glossy surface, triangularly ovate, almost equilateral with the front and hind margins about equally broad and rounded; umbo prominent and elevated; surface smooth and polished, fine, irregularly and spaced concentric striae present; hinge teeth disposed, lateral teeth are longer; pallial sinus short, broad, obliquely inclined upwards and squarish at apex. The inner surface is smooth and white, and the outer surface is white over the greater part.


Synonym (s)
Mactra tumida Spengler, 1802

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.77) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Dhanushkodi INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram INDIA
• Gujarat, Saurashtra INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Havelock (Lat: 11.97) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Camorta INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nancowry Island (Lat: 7.98) (Long: 93.53) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Shanmugam, A; Rajagopal, S and Nazeer, RA Common bivalves of Parangipettai coast Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Samuel, VD; Chacko, D and Edward, JKP (2005) Preliminary study on the molluscan diversity of “the lost world’’– Dhanushkodi, east coast of India Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 54-58 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/570/1/Bulletin_9.pdf
  • Dholakia, AD (2004) Marine resources Fisheries and aquatic resources of India Daya publishing house 271-303 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-10-25

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