Mactra cuneata   Gmelin,  1791 (Clam)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Order:Veneroida
Family:Mactridae

Image copyrights: Bisyogai shells database

Description
Size: Maximum shell length 4 cm, commonly to 3 cm.

Color: Outer surface is pale greyish violet irregularly banded with concentric bluish lines and tinged with deep violet blue towards the umbo.

Shell small and triangularly ovate in outline, anterior margin being slightly broader than the posterior; shell is slightly inequilateral, the posterior side being little longer than the anterior; hinge bears a bent cardinal tooth; pallial sinus very shallow and rounded; inner surface is smooth.


Synonym (s)
Mactra corbiculoides Deshayes, 1854
Colorimactra florens Iredale, 1929
Mactra delicatula Preston, 1904
Mactra delicatula var. nivea Preston, 1904

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Locally collected for subsistence.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Sandy, Muddy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari Estuary (Lat: 16.63) (Long: 82.3) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Island (Lat: 7) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Thondi INDIA (Record: 06/2005-05/2006)
• Goa (Lat: 15.65) (Long: 73.74) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Arukkattuthurai (Lat: 10.39) (Long: 79.86) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Mallipattinam (Lat: 10.27) (Long: 79.32) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Adirampattinam (Lat: 9.95) (Long: 79.18) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Thondi INDIA (Record: 07/2005-06/2006)
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Karangadu Mangroves (Lat: 9.64) (Long: 78.94) INDIA (Record: 02/2010) (Depth: 1-2 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Karangadu Mangroves (Lat: 9.64) (Long: 78.96) INDIA (Record: 02/2010) (Depth: 1-2 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island (Lat: 9.23) (Long: 79.22) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kundugal Point INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban (Lat: 9.29) (Long: 79.21) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • OBIS Indo-Pacific molluscan database Available at - http://clade.ansp.org/obis/find_mollusk.html
  • Ray, HC (1977) Contribution to the knowledge of the molluscan fauna of Maungmagan, Lower Burma (with descriptions of one new genus and species of the Family Turridae (Gastropoda) 8) Contribution to the knowledge of the molluscan fauna of Maungmagan, Lower Burma (with descriptions of one new genus and species of the Family Turridae (Gastropoda) 8) Indian Museum, Calcutta 1-150 Available at - Zoological Records (Burma marine)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Poutiers, JM (1998) Bivalves FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the western central Pacific. Volume 1: Seaweeds, corals, bivalves and gastropods FAO, Rome 1 686 pp Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/w7191e/w7191e00.htm
  • Bisyogai shells database Available at - http://shell.kwansei.ac.jp/~shell/pic_book/index.html
  • Serebiah, JS; Stella, C and Kadhar, AA (2008) Assessment of benthos in the subtidal area of Thondi (Palk Bay), southeast Tamilnadu- GIS based explication Proceedings of the national symposium on marine and coastal ecosystems 27-29, August 2007 Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Marine Fisheries- 623 520, Tamilnadu, India 30 279-296 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nagabhushanam, AK and Krishnan, S (1993) Observations on the distribution of some of the marine organism inhabiting the inter-tidal zone along the western continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal, with particular reference to the Tamil Nadu coastal strip Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(3-4) 449-490 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Rodrigues, NR (2003) Benthic ecology and bioturbation in the coastal waters of Goa, India Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Varadharajan, D; Soundarapandian, P; Gunalan, B and Babu, R (2010) Seasonal abundance of macro benthic composition and diversity along the south east coast of India European Journal of Applied Sciences IDOSI Publications 2 (1) 1-5 Available at - www.idosi.org/ejas/2(1)10/1.pdf
  • Anbuchezhian, R; Ravichandran, S; Serebiah, JS and Nobi, EP (2010) Geographic information system based assessment of benthic macrofauna in Thondi coastal area, south east coast of India World Journal of Zoology International Digital Organization for Scientific Information 5 (3) 172-182 Available at - www.idosi.org/wjz/wjz5(3)10/6.pdf
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/570/1/Bulletin_9.pdf
  • Appukuttan, KK; Chellam, A; Ramadoss, K; Victor, ACC and Meiyappan, MM (1989) Molluscan resources Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 43 77-92 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2641/1/Article_12.pdf
  • Venkatesan, V; Kalidas, C; Zacharia, PU and Rajagopal, S (2010) Distribution of molluscan fauna in the Karangad estuarine mangroves, south east coast of India Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society Bioflux 2 (2) 113-119 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/6960/1/083-AES_BIOGLUX_2010.pdf
  • Satyamurti, ST (1956) The Mollusca of Krusadai island in the Gulf of Mannar II.- Scaphopoda, Pelecypoda and Cephalopoda Bulletin of the Madras Government 1(2) 202 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2013-01-16

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