Codakia tigerina   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Clam)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Bivalvia

Image copyrights: TOBA AQUARIUM

Size: Maximum shell length 10 cm, commonly to 6 cm.

Color: Outside cream to white, sometimes yellowish on umbones or slightly tinged with pink on dorsal
margin. Interior yellow, becoming paler to white on ventral margin and often more or less tinged with pink on dorsal margin.

Shell thick, subcircular in outline, laterally compressed. Umbones in front of midline of valves. Lunule small and short, depressed, asymmetrical, protruding beyond commissural plane in right valve and with a corresponding recess in left valve. Outer sculpture relatively strong, rough and latticed, composed of narrow, rounded radial ribs and concentric cords, forming nodules at the points of intersection all over the surface of valves. Periostracum inconspicuous. Ligament sunken, set in a large oblique groove of posterodorsal margin. Hinge with well-developed cardinal and lateral teeth. Right valve with 1 nearby anterior lateral tooth and 1 remote posterior lateral tooth. Left valve with 2 anterior and 2 posterior laterals, the latter reduced. Anterior adductor muscle scar long and arcuate. No pallial sinus.

Synonym (s)
Venus tigerina Linnaeus, 1758
Codokia tigerina (Linnaeus, 1758)
(Senior synonym)
Lucina exasperata Reeve, 1850
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Pacific Tiger Lucine (English)
• Tiger Lucine (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(The shell is used for shellcraft or to make lime, and the meat is eaten or chewed with betel nut to make the teeth strong.)

Habitat:  Reef Associated,Demersal,Sandy


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Car Nicobar (Lat: 9.17) (Long: 92.78) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Havelock (Lat: 11.97) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Red Sea
• Tamil Nadu, Dhanushkodi INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Oliver, PG; Holmes, AM; Killeen, lJ and Wood, H (2004) Annotated checklist of the marine Bivalvia of Rodrigues Journal of Natural History Taylor and Francis 38 3229-3272 Available at -
  • Saad, MAH (1984) Proceedings of the Symposium on Coral Reef environment of the Red Sea King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia 1-681 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Sealifebase Available at -
  • Hosseinzadeh, H; Daghoghi, B and Rameshi, H (2001) Atlas of the Persian Gulf molluscs Oman sea fisheries research center, Oman 208 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Poutiers, JM (1998) Bivalves FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the western central Pacific. Volume 1: Seaweeds, corals, bivalves and gastropods FAO, Rome 1 686 pp Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • TOBA AQUARIUM Available at -
  • Samuel, VD; Chacko, D and Edward, JKP (2005) Preliminary study on the molluscan diversity of “the lost world’’– Dhanushkodi, east coast of India Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 54-58 Available at -
  • Das, AK and Roy, MKD (1989) A general account of the mangrove fauna of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fauna of conservation areas Zoological survey of India 1-152 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-07-04

Back to Search