Spiropagurus spiriger   (De Hann,  1849) (Crab)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Malacostraca

Image copyrights: digitalarchives.tw

Color: Live specimens are light brown in color. Eggs are violet in color.

Eyes large, reniform. Eyestalk short, broad with transverse ciliated lines dorsally, reaching the base of the last joint of the antennular as well as the antennal peduncles. Dorsal surface of the antennal peduncles squamose in appearence. Antennal acicles setose and curved away from the eyes. Chelipeds slender, fingers opening horizontally, joints covered with squamiform ciliated markings. Carpus spinose in the distal half of the inner border and with a row of spines on the distal part of the outer surface. Second and third legs with somewhat broader joints of merus, carpus and propodus having caliated squamiform markings on the outer face. these markings on propodus and carpus run obliquely. Gills phyllobranchiate.

No paired abdominal appendages in both sexes, but male with three and females with four appendages on left side only. In males the left vas deferens, relatively enormous in size and forms a coil of two nearly complete turns.

Synonym (s)
Pagurus spiriger de Haan, 1849
Spiropagurus spirifer Stimpson, 1858
Spiropagurus spirifer Alcock, 1905
Spiropagurus spiriger Stimpson, 1859
Spiropagurus spiriger Alcock, 1905
Pagurus spiriger De Haan, 1849

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast INDIA
• Gulf of Aden
• Arabian Sea
• Orissa INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Nagapattinam INDIA
• West Bengal, Sandheads INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Khan, SA and Natarajan, R (1984) Hermit crab of Porto Novo coast (Decapoda: Anomura) Miscellaneous publication occasional paper no 67 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 39838 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Kensley, B (1981) On the Zoogeography of Southern Afrian Decapod Crustacea, with a distributional checklist of the species Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 338 23377 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Ajmalkhan, S (1992) Hermit crabs of Parangipettai Coast CASMB, Parangipettai, India. p 39 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Reddy, KN (1995) Hermit crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda) Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, West Bengal 199-215 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Digitalarchives.tw Available at - http://catalog.digitalarchives.tw/dacs5/System/Main.jsp
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-03-17

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