Diogenes costatus   Henderson,  1893 (Crab)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Diogenidae

Description
Size: 2-5 mm

Color: The body is cream colored with pinkish patches on the carapace and legs.

Rostrum slender and spine like, shorter than the ophthalmic scales, which are spinulose anteriorly. Eyestalks hardly reach the base of the terminal joint of the antennular peduncle, but slightly surpass the same point in the antennal peduncle. Left cheliped vastly larger than the right, fixed finger deflexed, the dactylus constituting a little more than two-thirds the total length of the hand. All the borders of the merus and inner, anterior and lower borders of the carpus strongly serrated. Both borders of the palm straight, the upper border being strongly serrated, the lower border being serrated only in its proximal half. Upper edge of the dactylus serrated, the lower edge of the fixed finger smooth. The outer surface of the palm traversed by a ridge which beginning at the lower proximal angle, runs up parallel with the carpal articulation and then curving continues upto the finger-cleft.

Found to occupy the shells of 10 species of gastropods.


Synonym (s)
Diogenes costatus Alcock, 1905
Diogenes costatus Thomas, 1989

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Ghat INDIA (Record: 08/08/1976, 20/02/1988)
• Andhra Pradesh, Waltair INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram INDIA
• South East Coast INDIA
• Red Sea
• West Bengal, Sandheads INDIA (Record: 02/01/1923)
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA
• West Bengal, Medinipur INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Khan, SA and Natarajan, R (1984) Hermit crab of Porto Novo coast (Decapoda: Anomura) Miscellaneous publication occasional paper no 67 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 39838 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Kensley, B (1981) On the Zoogeography of Southern Afrian Decapod Crustacea, with a distributional checklist of the species Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 338 23377 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Ajmalkhan, S (1992) Hermit crabs of Parangipettai Coast CASMB, Parangipettai, India. p 39 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Reddy, KN (1995) Hermit crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda) Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, West Bengal 199-215 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Siddiqui, FA and Kazmi, QB (2003) A checklist of marine anomurans (Crustacea: Decapoda) of Pakistan, northern Arabian Sea Memoirs of Museum Victoria 60(1) 87-89 Available at - http://www.museum.vic.gov.au/memoirs/docs/60_1_Feroz.pdf
  • Roy, MK (2010) Diversity and Distribution of Crustacea Fauna in wetlands of West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 147-187 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Chatterjee, TK; Husain, A and Mitra S (2007) Faunal diversity in prawns and crabs in Digha and adjacent coast in West Bengal with notes on the relationship of their abundance with physico-chemical parameters Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 104(3) 311-315 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-02-07

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