Diogenes custos   (Fabricius,  1798) (Crab)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Diogenidae

Description
Size: 11-22.2 mm

Color: Live specimens are cream colored.

Rostrum about half the length of the eyestalks with its free edge spinose. Antennular and antennal peduncles of equal length. Antennal acicle bifurcate, the outer prong extends well beyond the base of the terminal joint of the peduncle. Chelipeds and exposed surface of legs finely granular. Borders of segments of chelipeds as well as the interior border of the four terminal joints of the 2nd and 3rd legs spinose. The granules on the outer surface of the propodus of 2nd and 3rd legs arranged in transverse rows.


Synonym (s)
Pagurus custos Fabricius, 1798
Diogenes custos Henderson, 1893
Diogenes custos Alcock, 1905
Diogenes custos Thomas, 1989
Diogenes affinis Henderson, 1893
(Junior synonym)
Cancer custos Herbst, 1804
Diogenes affinis Henderson, 1893
(Junior Synonym)
Pagurus custos (Fabricius, 1798)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Demersal, Rocky, Coastal

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast INDIA
• Bay of Bengal
• Arabian Sea
• Palk Bay (Lat: 9.5) (Long: 79.25) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha INDIA (Record: 07/03/1966, 03/1980, 15/07/1982-23/07/1982, 20/02/1988)
• Andhra Pradesh, Waltair INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Nagapattinam INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• PAKISTAN
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• West Bengal, Sandheads INDIA (Record: 26/08/1922, 11/02/1923, 11/01/1926, 08/1927-09/1927, 01/1928)
• Andhra Pradesh, Lawsons Bay INDIA (Record: 09/1986-05/1988) (Depth: 20-50 mts)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA
• West Bengal, Medinipur INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Little Andaman (Lat: 10.75) (Long: 92.5) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Little Andaman, Harbindar Bay INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Little Andaman, R.K. Pur INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Little Andaman, Dugong Creek (Lat: 10.75) (Long: 92.5) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Little Andaman, Butler Bay (Lat: 10.75) (Long: 92.5) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Little Andaman, Nanjappa Nagar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Little Andaman, Netaji Nagar INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Khan, SA and Natarajan, R (1984) Hermit crab of Porto Novo coast (Decapoda: Anomura) Miscellaneous publication occasional paper no 67 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 39838 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Nagabhushanam, AK and Krishnan, S (1993) Observations on the distribution of some of the marine organism inhabiting the inter-tidal zone along the western continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal, with particular reference to the Tamil Nadu coastal strip Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(3-4) 449-490 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Listyo, RD (1996) Notes on littoral hermit crabs (excluding Coenobitidae) (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura) mainly from Singapore and peninsular Malaysia Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 44(2) 335-355 Available at - Zoological Records
  • Kensley, B (1981) On the Zoogeography of Southern Afrian Decapod Crustacea, with a distributional checklist of the species Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 338 23377 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Ajmalkhan, S (1992) Hermit crabs of Parangipettai Coast CASMB, Parangipettai, India. p 39 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Reddy, KN (1995) Hermit crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda) Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, West Bengal 199-215 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Siddiqui, FA and Kazmi, QB (2003) A checklist of marine anomurans (Crustacea: Decapoda) of Pakistan, northern Arabian Sea Memoirs of Museum Victoria 60(1) 87-89 Available at - http://www.museum.vic.gov.au/memoirs/docs/60_1_Feroz.pdf
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Rao, GC; Rao, DV and Devi, K (1994) A faunal exploration of the North Reef Island sanctuary, North Andaman Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 10(1&2) 68-81 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • Raman, AV and Adiseshasai, K (1989) Macrobenthos from littoral areas off Visakhapatnam, east coast of India Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 18(4) 265-269 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, GC (1991) Distribution of plants and animals on the rocky sea shores of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 7(2) 30-42 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, MK (2010) Diversity and Distribution of Crustacea Fauna in wetlands of West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 147-187 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Sahu, MK; Murugan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2006) Crustacean resources of the coral reef environment of the little Andaman island, India Fishing Chimes 26(6) 56-59 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Chatterjee, TK; Husain, A and Mitra S (2007) Faunal diversity in prawns and crabs in Digha and adjacent coast in West Bengal with notes on the relationship of their abundance with physico-chemical parameters Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 104(3) 311-315 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-02-06

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