Clibanarius olivaceus   Henderson,  1915 (Crab)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Malacostraca

Size: 4-10 mm

Color: In live condition, the carapace and legs are green in color, 3 red lines, 1 on the dorsal side and 2 on the lateral sides are present on eyestalks. On the merus and carpus of walking legs brownish dark spots are seen. Formalin preserved specimens are yellowish with the chelipeds and other legs red in color.

Eyestalks as long as the antennular peduncles but distinctly longer than the anterior border of the carapace. Chelipeds sub-equal and similar. The hand with a few scattered granular tubercles and free of setae in comparison to Clibanarius padavensis. No spines on the entire palmar surface. The fingers rougher becoming spinous towards the tips and more setose than the palm. The length of the hand including the fingers is almost twice its breadth.

This crab is found to occupy the shells of 9 species of gastropods, but was seen to occupy very commonly the shells of Cerithidea fluviatilis.

Synonym (s)
Clibanarius olivaceus Reddi, 1935
Clibanarius olivaceus Gravely, 1941
Clibanarius olivaceus Sarojini & Nagabhushanam, 1972

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine, Muddy, Coastal


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Ennore INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Adyar INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Ghat INDIA (Record: 06/08/1976, 26/06/1983)
• Orissa, Chilika Lagoon (Lat: 19.77) (Long: 85.33) INDIA
• Orissa, Manikpatna INDIA (Record: 01/01/1955)
• Orissa, Satpara INDIA (Record: 06/12/1985)
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 09/12/1985)
• West Bengal, Mandirtala INDIA (Record: 12/04/1978)
• West Bengal, Sundarbans, Chhota Mollakhali INDIA (Record: 13/09/1984)
• West Bengal, Gosaba Jetty INDIA (Record: 17/09/1984)
• West Bengal, Junput INDIA (Record: 24/02/1988)
• Orissa, Chilika Lagoon INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vellar Estuary INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Arukkattuthurai (Lat: 10.39) (Long: 79.86) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Adirampattinam (Lat: 9.95) (Long: 79.18) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA
• West Bengal, Medinipur INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Khan, SA and Natarajan, R (1984) Hermit crab of Porto Novo coast (Decapoda: Anomura) Miscellaneous publication occasional paper no 67 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 39838 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Reddy, KN (1995) Crustacea: Decapoda Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 367-389 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Reddy, KN (1995) Hermit crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda) Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, West Bengal 199-215 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Khan, SA and Natarajan, R (1981) Reproductive strategy in hermit crabs of Vellar Estuary Indian Journal of Marine Sciences NISCAIR 10 70-73 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Varadharajan, D; Soundarapandian, P; Gunalan, B and Babu, R (2010) Seasonal abundance of macro benthic composition and diversity along the south east coast of India European Journal of Applied Sciences IDOSI Publications 2 (1) 1-5 Available at -
  • Roy, MK (2010) Diversity and Distribution of Crustacea Fauna in wetlands of West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 147-187 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-11-03

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