Goniada emerita   Audouin & Milne-Edwards,  1833 (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Annelida
Class: Polychaeta
Order:Phyllodocida
Family:Goniadidae

Image copyrights: Unicomarine, for the NMBAQC Scheme

Description
Size: Length 35-350 mm.

Color: Yellowish brown in life, dark brown in preserved state.

The prostomium has nine rings, of which the basal ones are larger than the others. 60-70 anterior feet uniramous, with a dorsal cirrus, a setigerous process with three ligules, a thick short ventral cirrus, an aciculum and a bundle of compound setae. The suceeding parapodia biramous; dorsal ramus with a conical cirrus, foliaceous in the posterior segments, a blunt setigerous process with an aciculum and 2-3 straight, stout, blunt acicular bristles; ventral ramus with a posterior and two anterior tapering ligules, a stout ventral cirrus and a bundle of compound spinigerous setae. In the posterior region both rami are widely apart. 6-12 V-shaped paragnaths (chevrons) on each side of the proboscis, which is armed with two large, toothed, horny jaws and 25-55 X-shaped paragnaths in a nearly continuous belt.

Pharynx eversible, with small rounded papillae and V-shaped chevrons having 5-8 chitinous pieces on each side. Parapodia uniramous for anterior 37 to 39 setigers, next 10 to 12 setigers transitional, succeeding ones biramous.


Synonym (s)
Goniada emerita Hartman, 1959
Goniada emerita Hartman, 1974
Coniada australensis Quatrefages, Augener 1927a
Goniada emerita Fauvel, 1923a
Goniada longicirrata Monro, 1937
Goniada japonica Izuka, 1912

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Estuarine, Sandy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters (Lat: 9.97) (Long: 76.22) INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans (Lat: 21.5) (Long: 88.17) INDIA
• West Bengal, Sunderbans, Haldi INDIA (Record: 11/1983)
• West Bengal, Jharkhali INDIA (Record: 20/05/1985)
• West Bengal, Ganga Sagar INDIA (Record: 30/07/1978)
• Arabian Sea
• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA (Record: 1985)
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters INDIA (Record: 1981)
• Kerala, Kayamkulam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kodikkarai (Lat: 10.3) (Long: 79.85) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Mallipattinam (Lat: 10.27) (Long: 79.32) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Manalmelkudi (Lat: 10.42) (Long: 79.31) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA
• North West Coast INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada INDIA (Record: 12/2006-01/2007) (Depth: 26-28 mts)
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Misra, A; Soota, TD and Chowdhury, A (1983) On some polychaetes from Gangetic Delta, West Bengal, India Records of the Zoological Survey of India 81(1-2) 41-54 Available at - Pune University, Pune
  • Harkantra, SN and Rodrigues, NR (2003) Pattern of species succession of soft-bottom macrofauna in the estuaries of Goa, west coast of India Current Science 85(10) 1458-1464 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Eibye-Jacobson, D (Ed) (2002) Proceedings of the International Workshop on the Polychaetes of the Andaman Sea, Phuket Marine Biological Center, Department of Fisheries, Thailand, 3 June-27 August 1997 Phuket Marine Biological Center Special Publication no. 24 Phuket Marine Biological Center, Phuket, Thailand 424 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fauvel, P (1941) On a small collection of Annelida Polychaeta of the Indian Museum, Calcutta Records of the Indian Museum ZSI, Calcutta 42 253-268 Available at - Pune University, Pune
  • Hartman, O (1974) Polychaetous annelids of the Indian Ocean including an account of species collected by members of the International Indian Ocean Expeditions, 1963-1964, and a catalogue and bibliography of the species from India. Part II Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India 16(2) 609-644 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Wehe, T and Fiege, D (2002) Annotated checklist of the polychaete species of the seas surrounding the Arabian Peninsula: Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Gulf Fauna of Arabia 19 7-238 Available at - http://www.senckenberg.de/files/content/forschung/abteilung/aquazool/mev2/wehe_&_fiege.pdf
  • Sheeba, P Distribution of benthic infauna in the Cochin backwaters in relation to environmental parameters (Ph. D thesis-Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kochi, India) 241 pp Available at - Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kochi, India
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Mandal, AK and Nandi, NC (1989) Fauna of Sundarban mangrove ecosystem, West Bengal, India Fauna of Conservations 3 35431 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Misra, A (1995) Polychaetes Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 93-155 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kumar, RS (2001) Biodiversity and affinity of polychaetous annelids within the mangrove ecosystem of Indo-Pacific region Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 43(1&2) 206-213 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sarala Devi, K., Jayalakshmi, KV and Venugopal, P. (1991) Communities and coexistance of benthose in northern limb of Cochin backwaters Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 20 249-254 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nandan, BS (2007) Faunal Biodiversity of selected Wetland Ecosystems of Kerala Kerala Environment Congress 2007 Centre for Environment and Development, Kerala, India 106-126pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Varadharajan, D; Soundarapandian, P; Gunalan, B and Babu, R (2010) Seasonal abundance of macro benthic composition and diversity along the south east coast of India European Journal of Applied Sciences IDOSI Publications 2 (1) 1-5 Available at - www.idosi.org/ejas/2(1)10/1.pdf
  • Fauvel, P (1953) The fauna of India including Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and Malaya: Annelida, Polychaeta The Indian press ltd., Allahabad 507 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jayaraj, KA; Josia, J and Kumar, PKD (2008) Infaunal Macrobenthic Community of Soft Bottom Sediment in a Tropical Shelf Journal of Coastal Research CERF 24(3) 708–718 Available at - http://nicmas.nio.org/eprints08/J_Coast_Res_24_708.pdf
  • Musale, AS and Desai, DV (2011) Distribution and abundance of macrobenthic polychaetes along the south Indian coast Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Springer 178(1-4) 423-436 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-010-1701-3
  • Mitra, S; Misra, A (2010) Polychaetes of the Wetlands of West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 141-146 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-10-24

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