Dendronereis aestuarina   Southern,  1921 (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Annelida
Class: Polychaeta
Order:Phyllodocida
Family:Nereididae

Description
Size: Length 40 mm by 5 mm

Color: Pale with red gills when alive

Prostomium deeply cleft, with 2 short antennae, basally broad palps, and 3 pairs of eyes. Tentacular cirri 4 pairs, longest reaching setiger 9. Dorsal cirri bearing the lateral pinnate gills, which commence on the 14th-15th foot. Pharynx eversible with soft papilae on both rings. Biramous parapodia with 3 notopodial ligules and a short anterior setigerous lobe; neuropodium with 2 anterior digitiform lobes and 1-2 small lobes between them. Branchial filaments unipinnately arranged, commencing from setiger 8 and extending up to 21. Proboscis with soft conical papillae on the basal ring. Setae homogomph with long finely serrated terminal piece, which becomes shorter in the upper division of posterior feet.


Synonym (s)
Dendronereis aesturina Southern, 1921
Dendronereis aestuarina Fauvel, 1932
Dendronereis aestuarina Fauvel, 1953
Dendronereis aestuarina Cheriyan, 1966

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Muddy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.07) (Long: 73.47) INDIA
• Goa, Terekhol Estuary (Lat: 15.72) (Long: 73.7) INDIA
• Karnataka, Gangavali Estuary (Lat: 15.58) (Long: 74.25) INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters (Lat: 9.97) (Long: 76.22) INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans (Lat: 21.5) (Long: 88.17) INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi Estuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.76) INDIA
• INDIA
• West Bengal, Sandeshkhali INDIA (Record: 14/03/1985)
• West Bengal, Namkhana INDIA (Record: 07/10/1982)
• West Bengal, Jhingakhali INDIA (Record: 12/09/1983)
• West Bengal, Kachuberia INDIA (Record: 26/09/1980)
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada Bay INDIA
• West Bengal, Gangetic Delta INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Thondi INDIA (Record: 06/2005-05/2006)
• Kerala, Kochi Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1974-03/1976)
• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA (Record: 1985)
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA (Record: 1994, 1995, 1981, 1996, 2005)
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters INDIA (Record: 1981)
• Tamil Nadu, Arukkattuthurai (Lat: 10.39) (Long: 79.86) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Mallipattinam (Lat: 10.27) (Long: 79.32) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Manalmelkudi (Lat: 10.42) (Long: 79.31) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Maharashtra, Ratnagiri INDIA
• Kerala, Kannur INDIA (Depth: 5-15 mts)
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA (Depth: 5-15 mts)
• Orissa, Rambha Estuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Porto Novo INDIA
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
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  • Ansari, ZA., Ingole, BS and Furtado, R. (2003) Response of benthic fauna to different pollutants: Some case studies and relevance of benthos to environmental impact assessment Recent advances in environmental science Discovery Publishing House; New Delhi (India) 422-428 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sarala Devi, K., Jayalakshmi, KV and Venugopal, P. (1991) Communities and coexistance of benthose in northern limb of Cochin backwaters Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 20 249-254 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ambika, MD and Pillai, NG (1990) Effect of pollution due to coconut hush retting on the species diversity of benthic communities of Cochin backwaters Indian Journal of Fisheries CMFRI 37(2) 145-149 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/289/1/Article_10.pdf
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  • Srikrishnadhas, B; Ramamoorthi, K and Balasubrahmanyan, K (1987) Polychaetes of Porto Novo waters Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The marine biological association of India 29(1&2) 134-139 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Martin, GD; Nisha, PA; Balachandran, KK; Madhu, NV; Nair, M; Shaiju, P; Joseph, T; Srinivas, K; and Gupta, GVM (2011) Eutrophication induced changes in benthic community structure of a flow-restricted tropical estuary (Cochin backwaters), India Environ Monit Assess Springer Science 176 427–438 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-010-1594-1
  • Mitra, S; Misra, A (2010) Polychaetes of the Wetlands of West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 141-146 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-10-21

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