Capitella capitata   (Fabricius,  1780) (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Annelida
Class: Polychaeta
Order:
Family:Capitellidae

Image copyrights: Ma Chun Ho

Description
Length: 2.5 cm

Narrow thread like worms. Prostomium pointed; body divided into stout thorax of 9 setigerous segments and a narrow abdomen. Peristomium and the next seven thoracic segments with capillary setae in both rami and the 9th segment with dorsal capillaries and ventral hooks. Abdomen with hooks in both rami arranged in elevated tori, branchia absent.


Synonym (s)
Capitella capitata Amoureux et al., 1978
Capitella capitata Ben-Eliahu & Golani, 1990
Capitella capitata Blake et al., 2000
Lumbricus litoralis Johnston, 1827
Capitella capitata Fauvel, 1927
Capitella capitata Hartman, 1947
Capitella capitata Ganapati & Raman, 1987
Ancistria acuta Verrill, 1874
(Subjective synonym)
Capitella capitata belgica Czerniavsky, 1881
(Subjective synonym)
Capitella capitata danica Czerniavsky, 1881
Capitella capitata hebridarum Czerniavsky, 1881
(Subjective synonym)
Capitella capitata neapolitana Czerniavsky, 1881
(Subjective synonym)
Capitella capitata suchumica Czerniavsky, 1881
(Subjective synonym)
Capitella fabricii Blainville, 1828
(Subjective synonym)
Capitella prototypa Czerniavsky, 1881
(Subjective synonym)
Capitella similis Czerniavsky, 1881
(Subjective synonym)
Lombricus canalium Nardo, 1847
(Subjective synonym)
Lumbriconais marina Orsted, 1842
(Subjective synonym)
Lumbricus capitatus Fabricius, 1780
(Basionym)
Matla bengalensis Stephenson, 1908
(Subjective synonym)
Saenuris barbata Grube, 1860
Valla ciliata Johnston, 1865
(Subjective synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Gallery Worm (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Estuarine, Rocky, Coastal

Biogeography


• Kerala, Ashtamudi Lake INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters INDIA (Record: 1981)
• Kerala, Beypore Estuary INDIA
• Gujarat, Auranga Estuary INDIA
• Gujarat, Narmada Estuary INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters (Lat: 9.97) (Long: 76.22) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake (Lat: 13.67) (Long: 80.17) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vellar Estuary (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.77) INDIA
• Orissa, Satpara INDIA
• Orissa, Parikud INDIA
• Orissa, Gorapur INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vellar Estuary INDIA
• Arabian Gulf
• Red Sea
• Southwest Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala, Kayamkulam INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lagoon (Lat: 19.46) (Long: 85.08) INDIA (Record: 07/2007-10/2007, 07/2008-10/2008)
• Orissa, Chilika Lagoon (Lat: 19.9) (Long: 85.63) INDIA (Record: 07/2007-10/2007, 07/2008-10/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Arukkattuthurai (Lat: 10.39) (Long: 79.86) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Kodikkarai (Lat: 10.3) (Long: 79.85) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Mallipattinam (Lat: 10.27) (Long: 79.32) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Manalmelkudi (Lat: 10.42) (Long: 79.31) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Adirampattinam (Lat: 9.95) (Long: 79.18) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• North West Coast INDIA
• Karnataka, Mangalore INDIA (Depth: 5-15 mts)
• Kerala, Kannur INDIA (Depth: 5-15 mts)
• Kerala, Calicut INDIA (Depth: 5-15 mts)
• Pondicherry, Karaikal INDIA (Depth: 5-15 mts)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai Port INDIA (Record: 11/1996-12/1996)
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA (Record: 1981, 1996, 2005)
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam Coast INDIA
• Kerala, Cannanore INDIA (Record: 12/2006-01/2007) (Depth: 26-28 mts)
• Kerala, Trivandrum INDIA (Record: 12/2006-01/2007) (Depth: 26-28 mts)
• Pondicherry INDIA (Record: 12/2006-01/2007) (Depth: 26-28 mts)
• Andhra Pradesh, Nellore INDIA (Record: 12/2006-01/2007) (Depth: 26-28 mts)
• Andhra Pradesh, Nizampatnam INDIA (Record: 12/2006-01/2007) (Depth: 26-28 mts)
• Andhra Pradesh, Machilipatnam INDIA (Record: 12/2006-01/2007) (Depth: 26-28 mts)
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada INDIA (Record: 12/2006-01/2007) (Depth: 26-28 mts)
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi and Zuari Estuary INDIA
• Karnataka, Kali Estuary INDIA
• West Coast, Mulki Estuary INDIA
• Kerala, Korapuzha Estuary INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Misra, A (1995) Polychaetes Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 93-155 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds) (1991) Animal resources of India (Protozoa to Mammalia) ZSI 1-694 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Balasubramanian, T Lagoons of India Environmental Information System Centre, Envis Publication Series: 3/2001 105 pp Available at - http://aucasmbenvis.org/files/04-Publications/lagoon%20status.pdf
  • Wehe, T and Fiege, D (2002) Annotated checklist of the polychaete species of the seas surrounding the Arabian Peninsula: Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Gulf Fauna of Arabia 19 7-238 Available at - http://www.senckenberg.de/files/content/forschung/abteilung/aquazool/mev2/wehe_&_fiege.pdf
  • Khan, AS and Murugesan, P (2005) Polychaete diversity in Indian estuaries Indian Journal of Marine Sciences National Institute of Science Communication And Information Resources, CSIR, New Delhi, India, in association with Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi, INDIA 34(1) 114-119 Available at - http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/1548
  • Sheeba, P Distribution of benthic infauna in the Cochin backwaters in relation to environmental parameters (Ph. D thesis-Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kochi, India) 241 pp Available at - Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kochi, India
  • A guide to Singapore Polychaetes Available at - http://rmbr.nus.edu.sg/polychaete/
  • Rao, CAN (1995) Annelida: Polychaeta Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 319-336 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Jayaraj, KA; Sheeba, P; Jacob, J; Revichandran, C; Arun, PK; Praseeda, KS; Nisha, PA and Rasheed, KA (2007) Response of infaunal macrobenthos to the sediment granulometry in a tropical continental margin-southwest coast of India Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Elsevier 77(4) 743-754 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2007.11.016
  • Sarala Devi, K., Jayalakshmi, KV and Venugopal, P. (1991) Communities and coexistance of benthose in northern limb of Cochin backwaters Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 20 249-254 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ho, MC Marine sedentary Polychaetes in Hong Kong Department of Biology and Chemistry, City University of Hong Kong Available at - http://personal.cityu.edu.hk/~bhworm/sedentary/
  • Magdoom, KB; Kalaiselvam, M and Balasubramanian, T (2010) Status on Seasonal Distribution of Macrobenthos from the Gulf of Mannar (South East Coast) of India Current Research Journal of Biological Sciences Maxwell Scientific Organization 2(1) 53-58 Available at - http://maxwellsci.com/print/crjbs/v2-53-58.pdf
  • Nandan, BS (2007) Faunal Biodiversity of selected Wetland Ecosystems of Kerala Kerala Environment Congress 2007 Centre for Environment and Development, Kerala, India 106-126pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Mahapatro, D; Panigrahy, RC; Panda, S and Mishra, RK (2009) Influence of monsoon on macrobenthic assemblage in outer channel area of Chilika lagoon, east coast of India. Journal of Wetlands Ecology Wetland Friends of Nepal (WFN) 3 56-67 Available at - http://www.nepjol.info/index.php/JOWE/article/download/2223/2668
  • Varadharajan, D; Soundarapandian, P; Gunalan, B and Babu, R (2010) Seasonal abundance of macro benthic composition and diversity along the south east coast of India European Journal of Applied Sciences IDOSI Publications 2 (1) 1-5 Available at - www.idosi.org/ejas/2(1)10/1.pdf
  • Jayaprada, C (2002) Composition and distribution of epigrowth fauna in Visakhapatnam harbour, east coast of India Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 31(4) 310-314 Available at - http://nopr.niscair.res.in/bitstream/123456789/4355/1/IJMS%2031%284%29%20310-314.pdf
  • Jayaraj, KA; Josia, J and Kumar, PKD (2008) Infaunal Macrobenthic Community of Soft Bottom Sediment in a Tropical Shelf Journal of Coastal Research CERF 24(3) 708–718 Available at - http://nicmas.nio.org/eprints08/J_Coast_Res_24_708.pdf
  • Devi, KS; Sheba, P; Balasubramanian, T; Venugopal, P and Sankaranarayanan, VN (1996) Benthic fauna of southwest and southeast coasts of India The Fourth Indian Fisheries Forum Proceedings, Kochi, Kerala Asian Fisheries Society, Indian Branch, Mangalore 9-12 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/1839/2/Fourth_Indian_Fish_Forum_Proc_1999_9.pdf
  • Sukumaran, S and Devi, KS (2009) Polychaete diversity and its relevance in the rapid environmental assessment of Mumbai Port Current Science Current Science Association in collaboration with the Indian Academy of Sciences 97(10) 1439-1444 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/3456/1/Curr_Sci_97_1439.pdf
  • Martin, GD; Nisha, PA; Balachandran, KK; Madhu, NV; Nair, M; Shaiju, P; Joseph, T; Srinivas, K; and Gupta, GVM (2011) Eutrophication induced changes in benthic community structure of a flow-restricted tropical estuary (Cochin backwaters), India Environ Monit Assess Springer Science 176 427–438 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-010-1594-1
  • Musale, AS and Desai, DV (2011) Distribution and abundance of macrobenthic polychaetes along the south Indian coast Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Springer 178(1-4) 423-436 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-010-1701-3
  • Mitra, S; Misra, A (2010) Polychaetes of the Wetlands of West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 141-146 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-10-24

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