Marphysa sanguinea   (Montagu,  1815) (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Polychaeta

Image copyrights: RIMI

Size: 18 x 5 mm. length up to 300-600 mm.

Color: Pink-grey, iridescent, bright red gills. Very brittle. Posterior part often regenerated.

Prostomium bilobed. Tentacles short. Gills, which begin about 16th-30th foot, attain up to 4-7 filaments, and continue to the hind part of the body. Dorsal setae capillary, ventral setae compound, with long knife-like terminal piece. Comb-setae very variable; in the posterior segment they are shorter, with a few large teeth. Acicular setae irregularly present in the posterior part of the body, sometimes almost entirely missing.

Synonym (s)
Marphysa sanguinea Fauvel, 1919
Marphysa sanguinea Hartman, 1959
Marphysa sanguinea Mohammad, 1973
Nereis sanguinea Montagu, 1815
Nereis sanguinea Montagu, 1807
Marphysa acicularum brevibranchiata Treadwell, 1921
(Subjective synonym)
Leodice opalina Savigny in Lamarck, 1818
(Subjective synonym)
Lysidice multicirrata Claparede, 1863
(Subjective synonym)
Marphysa acicularum Webster, 1884
(Subjective synonym)
Marphysa californica Moore, 1909
(Subjective synonym)
Marphysa haemasoma Quatrefages, 1866
(Subjective synonym)
Marphysa iwamushi Izuka, 1907
(Subjective synonym)
Marphysa leidii Quatrefages, 1866
(Subjective synonym)
Marphysa nobilis Treadwell, 1917
(Subjective synonym)
Marphysa parishii Baird, 1869
(Subjective synonym)
Marphysa sanguinea americana Monro, 1933
(Subjective synonym)
Marphysa viridis Treadwell, 1917
(Subjective synonym)
Nereis sanguinea Montagu, 1815
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Benthic, Pelagic, Estuarine, Sandy, Muddy, Coastal


• West Bengal, Gangetic Delta (Lat: 7.21) (Long: 93.78) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Vishakhapatnam Coast (Lat: 17.7) (Long: 83.3) INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans (Lat: 21.5) (Long: 88.17) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari Estuary (Lat: 16.63) (Long: 82.3) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• West Bengal, Sagar Island (Lat: 21.72) (Long: 88.1) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake (Lat: 13.67) (Long: 80.17) INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi Estuary (Lat: 15.28) (Long: 73.52) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin (Lat: 8.78) (Long: 78.13) INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi Estuary INDIA
• Gulf of Aden
• Arabian Gulf
• West Bengal, Sundarbans, Sandeshkhali INDIA (Record: 14/03/1975)
• West Bengal, Ganga Sagar INDIA (Record: 04/09/1979)
• Goa, Marmagao Harbour INDIA (Record: 04/1967)
• Maharashtra, Malvan INDIA (Record: 03/1968)
• Red Sea
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban Backwaters INDIA
• Pondicherry INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Goa, Marmagao Bay INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.08) (Long: 73.05) INDIA
• Goa, Ribandar INDIA (Record: 1982-1983) (Depth: -10 mts)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Mayabunder INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Palk Bay, Pullamadam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Manauli Island INDIA
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Misra, A; Soota, TD and Chowdhury, A (1983) On some polychaetes from Gangetic Delta, West Bengal, India Records of the Zoological Survey of India 81(1-2) 41-54 Available at - Pune University, Pune
  • Misra, A and Chakraborty, A (1983) Further records of polychaetes from Gujarat coast Records of the Zoological Survey of India 81(1-2) 69-75 Available at - Pune University, Pune
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Fauvel, P (1941) On a small collection of Annelida Polychaeta of the Indian Museum, Calcutta Records of the Indian Museum ZSI, Calcutta 42 253-268 Available at - Pune University, Pune
  • Rao, CAN (1999) Observations on a collection of polychaetes from Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 97(1) 43-47 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Wehe, T and Fiege, D (2002) Annotated checklist of the polychaete species of the seas surrounding the Arabian Peninsula: Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Gulf Fauna of Arabia 19 7-238 Available at -
  • Sarma, ALN (1977) The phytal fauna of Sargassum off Visakhapatnam coast Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India, Ernakulam, Cochin-682 011, India 16(3) 741-755 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Mandal, AK and Nandi, NC (1989) Fauna of Sundarban mangrove ecosystem, West Bengal, India Fauna of Conservations 3 35431 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Parulekar, AH; Dhargalkar, VK and Singbal, SYS (1980) Benthic studies in Goa estuaries: Part III- Annual cycle of macrofaunal distribution, production and trophic relations Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 9 189-200 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Anzari, ZA; Ingole, BS; Banerjee, G and Parulekar, AH (1986) Spatial and temporal changes in benthic macrofauna from Mandovi and Zuari estuaries of Goa, west coast of India Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 15 223-229 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Misra, A (1995) Polychaetes Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 93-155 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (1988) Research Institute of Marine Invertebrates Available at -
  • Parulekar, AH (1971) Polychaetes from Maharashtra and Goa Journal of Bombay Natural History Society Bombay Natural History Society 68(3) 726-749 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sealifebase Available at -
  • Parulekar, AH (1981) Marine fauna of Malvan, central west coast of India Mahasagar - Bulletin of National Institute of Oceanography NIO 14(1) 33-44 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Parulekar, AH., Ansari, ZA and Ingole, BS. (1986) Effect of mining activities on the clam fisheries and bottom fauna of Goa estuaries Proceedings of the Indian Academy of science (Animal Science) 1986 325-339 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Tampi, PRS and Rangarajan, K (1964) Some polychaetous Annelids from the Andaman waters Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 6(1) 98-123 Available at -
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at -
  • Fauvel, P (1953) The fauna of India including Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and Malaya: Annelida, Polychaeta The Indian press ltd., Allahabad 507 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ghosh, A (1963) On a collection of polychaeta from the south-east coast of India with a new eunicid record Journal of the marine biological associaiton of India The marine biological association of India 5(2) 239-245 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Mitra, S; Misra, A (2010) Polychaetes of the Wetlands of West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 141-146 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-10-24

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