Hyalinoecia tubicola   (O.F. Muller,  1776) (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Polychaeta

Image copyrights: IMARES

Size: Length 20-200 mm. by 8-10 mm.

Color: Hyaline, colorless or yellow.

Five occipital tentacles mounted on ringed ceratophores, the median tentacle longest. A pair of eyes between the bases of inner and outer laterals. Two club-shaped frontal tentacles and two massive ovoid palps. First two parapodia enlarged and point forwards. Ventral cirri disappear on the 5th setiger and become rounded conical pads posteriorly. Pre-setal lobe of the 1st parapodia much enlarged covering the tips of setae. From second setiger onwards the post-setal lobes well developed, in the form of cirriform lobes, become gradually shorter posteriorly assuming the shape of round fillets and equal to the pre-setal lobe from 25th setiger. Gills in the form of single filaments, first appear on 21st setiger and continue to the hind end of the body. A heart-shaped anal segment with a pair of anal cirri. First three setigers carry stout bristles with slightly curved bidentate tips. Bilimbate capillary setae from fourth setiger. Comb setae first appear on 8th setiger. Acicular setae with a hooded, bidentate tip. Tube translucent, curved, tapering posteriorly and open at both ends. Prostomium with a pair of globular palps, 2 short frontal antennae and 5 longer occipital antennae having short, 3-5 ringed ceratophores and long ceratostyles. Branchiae simple beginning from setiger 18-26, continuing up to posterior end.

Synonym (s)
Hyalinoecia tubicola Amoureux et al., 1978
Hyalinoecia tubicola Fauvel, 1932
Hyalinoecia tubicola Fauvel, 1953
Hyalinoecia tubicola Fishelson & Rullier, 1969
Hyalinoecia tubicola Hartman, 1959
Hyalinoecia tubicola Kiseleva, 1971
Hyalinoecia tubicola Monro, 1937
Lumbricus tubicola O.F. Muller, 1776
Nereis tubicola Muller, 1776
Onuphis tubicola Ehlers, 1908
Hyalinoecia platybranchis Grube, 1878
(Subjective synonym)
Onuphis filicornis Delle Chiaje, 1941
(Subjective synonym)
Onuphis sicula Quatrefages, 1866
(Subjective synonym)
Nereis tubicola Muller, 1776

Common Name (s)
• Bristleworm (English)
• Deep Sea Polychaetes (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Coastal


• Red Sea
• Arabian Sea
• Gulf of Aden
• Gulf of Oman
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Ross Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair, South Point INDIA
• Karnataka, Off Mangalore (Lat: 13.7) (Long: 73.26) INDIA (Depth: 900 mts)
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Hartman, O (1974) Polychaetous annelids of the Indian Ocean including an account of species collected by members of the International Indian Ocean Expeditions, 1963-1964, and a catalogue and bibliography of the species from India. Part II Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India 16(2) 609-644 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Wehe, T and Fiege, D (2002) Annotated checklist of the polychaete species of the seas surrounding the Arabian Peninsula: Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Gulf Fauna of Arabia 19 7-238 Available at - http://www.senckenberg.de/files/content/forschung/abteilung/aquazool/mev2/wehe_&_fiege.pdf
  • Ingole, BS (2007) Biodiversity of benthic polychaetes from the coastal waters of Paradip, Bay of Bengal Bionano frontier 1 32-45 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Misra, A (1995) Polychaetes Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 93-155 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Tampi, PRS and Rangarajan, K (1964) Some polychaetous Annelids from the Andaman waters Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 6(1) 98-123 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1007/1/Article_10.pdf
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • Fauvel, P (1953) The fauna of India including Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and Malaya: Annelida, Polychaeta The Indian press ltd., Allahabad 507 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dr. Shivaji, A; Dr. Sanjeevan, VN; Saravanane, N; Dr. Shunmugaraj, T and Dr. Gupta, GVM (2010) Achievements of FORV Sagar Sampada 1997-2010 Centre for Marine Living Resources and Ecology, Ministry of earth Sciences, Kochi, India 10-21 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Mitra, S; Misra, A (2010) Polychaetes of the Wetlands of West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 141-146 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-10-24

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