Glycinde oligodon   Southern,  1921 (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Annelida
Class: Polychaeta
Order:Phyllodocida
Family:Goniadidae

Description
Size: Length 1-2 cm. 97 segments.

Color: The body dark greenish-yellow.

Body small, narrow, dark colored. Prostomium ringed and comical with 4 very small antennae at its tip. Proboscis square in cross section with dorsal paragnaths and ventral fleshy papillae; lateral 'V' shaped chevrons absent. Body divided into two parts; anterior 20-22 segments with uniramous feet having a small dorsal cirri, setigerous lobe with spingers and ventral cirri. Feet of remaining segments biramous consisting a dorsal lobe with stout aciculum and 2-3 setae embeded inside the dorsal lobe. Ventral lobe as in the anterior feet; a pair of long anal cirri.

Anterior part of the body rounded, middle and posterior region flat. Prostomium with a basal ocular segment and eight rings. Four small tentacles. Proboscis nearly square in section, with two dorsal bands, each of four irregular rows of transparent, horny, hooked papillae and two ventral bands of small soft mammillate papillae. Two large ventral jaws and a dorsal row of 4-5 small denticles. Anterior feet uniramous, with a large, broad, blunt, dorsal cirrus indented near the tip, a rounded setigerous lobe and a longer ligule, and a blunt, thick, conical ventral cirrus; compound spinigerous bristles. Middle and posterior feet biramous, a dorsal cirrus with a short stout, swollen base, a dark spine accompanied by two or three dark brown setae having a curved tip, and a long, slender, curved, spine on the crest; a small rounded papilla. Ventral ramus as in the anterior feet, except that the posterior lobe is rather longer and wider.


Synonym (s)
Glycinde oligodon Fauvel, 1932

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Demersal, Estuarine, Muddy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.07) (Long: 73.47) INDIA
• Goa, Terekhol Estuary (Lat: 15.72) (Long: 73.7) INDIA
• Karnataka, Gangavali Estuary (Lat: 15.58) (Long: 74.25) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari Estuary (Lat: 16.63) (Long: 82.3) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vellar Estuary (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.77) INDIA
• Orissa, Parikud INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vasishta Godavari estuary INDIA
• West Bengal, Namkhana INDIA (Record: 24/01/1979)
• West Bengal, Canning, Taldi INDIA (Record: 12/01/1980)
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Bay of Bengal INDIA (Depth: 1536 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Porto Novo INDIA
• Goa, Marmagao INDIA (Record: 12/2006-01/2007) (Depth: 26-28 mts)
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada INDIA (Record: 12/2006-01/2007) (Depth: 26-28 mts)
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Hartman, O (1974) Polychaetous annelids of the Indian Ocean including an account of species collected by members of the International Indian Ocean Expeditions, 1963-1964, and a catalogue and bibliography of the species from India. Part II Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India 16(2) 609-644 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Southern, R (1921) Fauna of the Chilka lake (Polychaeta of the Chilka lake and also of fresh and brackish waters in other parts of India) Memoirs of the Indian Museum Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Dhargalkar, V and Ingole, B (2005) Survey of inventorization of coastal biodiversity at three estuarine sites along the central west coast of India 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Khan, AS and Murugesan, P (2005) Polychaete diversity in Indian estuaries Indian Journal of Marine Sciences National Institute of Science Communication And Information Resources, CSIR, New Delhi, India, in association with Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi, INDIA 34(1) 114-119 Available at - http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/1548
  • Inayat, AH and Glasby, CJ (2004) Polychaeta (Annelida) of the Natuna Islands, south China Sea The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 11 24-25
  • Eibye-Jacobson, D (Ed) (2002) Proceedings of the International Workshop on the Polychaetes of the Andaman Sea, Phuket Marine Biological Center, Department of Fisheries, Thailand, 3 June-27 August 1997 Phuket Marine Biological Center Special Publication no. 24 Phuket Marine Biological Center, Phuket, Thailand 424 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Srikrishnadhas, B; Murugesan, P and Khan, SA (1998) Polychaetes of Parangipettai coast Annamalai University, Parangipettai 110 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Rao, CAN (1995) Annelida: Polychaeta Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 319-336 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Misra, A (1995) Polychaetes Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 93-155 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Rao, S; Rao, MS and Annapurna, C (2009) Polychaete community structure of Vasishta Godavari estuary,east coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 51(2) 137-144 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2167/1/137-144-Srinivasa_Rao.pdf
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • Fauvel, P (1953) The fauna of India including Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and Malaya: Annelida, Polychaeta The Indian press ltd., Allahabad 507 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Srikrishnadhas, B; Ramamoorthi, K and Balasubrahmanyan, K (1987) Polychaetes of Porto Novo waters Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The marine biological association of India 29(1&2) 134-139 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Musale, AS and Desai, DV (2011) Distribution and abundance of macrobenthic polychaetes along the south Indian coast Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Springer 178(1-4) 423-436 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-010-1701-3
  • Mitra, S; Misra, A (2010) Polychaetes of the Wetlands of West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 141-146 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-10-24

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