Nephtys polybranchia   Southern,  1921 (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Annelida
Class: Polychaeta
Order:Phyllodocida
Family:Nephtyidae

Description
Length: 2 cm

Elongated body with 45-60 segments. Body tetragonal in cross section. Anterior part stout and gradually becomes narrow. Prostomium square with four knob like antennae. Proboscis with several rows of papillae on its surface and a circle at its tip. Branchia appear on the 2-3 segment and enlarged in the middle segments and reduced sizee in the posterior segments. Branchia seen in the posterior region except last 4-5 segments. Setae simple capillaries. Single long anal cirri.


Synonym (s)
Nephthys polybranchia Southern, 1921
Nephtys polybranchia Fauvel, 1932

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Demersal, Estuarine, Muddy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Kerala, Ashtamudi Lake INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters INDIA
• Kerala, Beypore Estuary INDIA
• Gujarat, Auranga Estuary INDIA
• Gujarat, Narmada Estuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.76) INDIA
• Bay of Bengal
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• West Bengal, Teropekhya INDIA (Record: 19/03/1985)
• West Bengal, Geonkhali INDIA (Record: 23/03/1985)
• West Bengal, Falta INDIA (Record: 25/03/1985)
• West Bengal, Barrackpore INDIA (Record: 03/06/1986)
• West Bengal, Hugli, Uttarpara Library Ghat INDIA (Record: 10/06/1986)
• Goa, Marmagao (Lat: 15.41) (Long: 73.78) INDIA
• Arabian Sea INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Arukkattuthurai (Lat: 10.39) (Long: 79.86) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Kodikkarai (Lat: 10.3) (Long: 79.85) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Mallipattinam (Lat: 10.27) (Long: 79.32) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Manalmelkudi (Lat: 10.42) (Long: 79.31) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Adirampattinam (Lat: 9.95) (Long: 79.18) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Orissa, Rambha Estuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Porto Novo INDIA
• Goa, Marmagao INDIA (Record: 12/2006-01/2007) (Depth: 26-28 mts)
• Karnataka, Karwar INDIA (Record: 12/2006-01/2007) (Depth: 26-28 mts)
• Kerala, Trivandrum INDIA (Record: 12/2006-01/2007) (Depth: 26-28 mts)
• West Bengal, East Medinipur INDIA
• West Bengal, Hugli Estuary INDIA
• West Bengal, North 24 Parganas INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi and Zuari Estuary INDIA
• Karnataka, Kali Estuary INDIA
• West Coast, Mulki Estuary INDIA
• Kerala, Korapuzha Estuary INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, CAN (1995) Annelida: Polychaeta Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 319-336 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Paul, S and Nandi, NC Studies on intertidal macrozoobenthos of Hugli river in and around Calcutta in relation to water and soil conditions Occasional paper no 213 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 1-135 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Hartman, O (1974) Polychaetous annelids of the Indian Ocean including an account of species collected by members of the International Indian Ocean Expeditions, 1963-1964, and a catalogue and bibliography of the species from India. Part II Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India 16(2) 609-644 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Khan, AS and Murugesan, P (2005) Polychaete diversity in Indian estuaries Indian Journal of Marine Sciences National Institute of Science Communication And Information Resources, CSIR, New Delhi, India, in association with Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi, INDIA 34(1) 114-119 Available at - http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/1548
  • Srikrishnadhas, B; Murugesan, P and Khan, SA (1998) Polychaetes of Parangipettai coast Annamalai University, Parangipettai 110 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Misra, A (1995) Polychaetes Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 93-155 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Sivadas, S; Ingole, B and Nanajkar, M (2011) Temporal variability of macrofauna from a disturbed habitat in Zuari estuary, west coast of India Environ Monit Assess Springerlink 173 65-78 Available at - http://www.springerlink.com/content/t413027551266727/fulltext.pdf
  • Joydas, TV and Damodaran, R (2009) Infaunal macrobenthos along the shelf waters of the west coast of India, Arabian Sea Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 38(2) 191-204 Available at - http://nopr.niscair.res.in/bitstream/123456789/4670/1/IJMS%2038%28%29%20191-204.pdf
  • Varadharajan, D; Soundarapandian, P; Gunalan, B and Babu, R (2010) Seasonal abundance of macro benthic composition and diversity along the south east coast of India European Journal of Applied Sciences IDOSI Publications 2 (1) 1-5 Available at - www.idosi.org/ejas/2(1)10/1.pdf
  • Rao, DG (1987) Ecology of meiobenthos of Rambha Bay in Chilka lagoon, Bay of Bengal Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 29(1&2) 74-85 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Srikrishnadhas, B; Ramamoorthi, K and Balasubrahmanyan, K (1987) Polychaetes of Porto Novo waters Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The marine biological association of India 29(1&2) 134-139 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Musale, AS and Desai, DV (2011) Distribution and abundance of macrobenthic polychaetes along the south Indian coast Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Springer 178(1-4) 423-436 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-010-1701-3
  • Mitra, S; Misra, A (2010) Polychaetes of the Wetlands of West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 141-146 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-10-24

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